Throw the bums out, African edition

Publié le par veritas

Throw the bums out, African edition
Brian Klaas is a fellow in comparative politics at the London School of Economics and author of “The Despot’s Accomplice: How the West is Aiding and Abetting the Decline of Democracy.” Next week, Rwandans will go to the polls in a sham election and almost certainly reelect President Paul Kagame.
 
Kagame has been in power since 1994, when he became vice president in the aftermath of the horrors of the Rwandan genocide. International donors love him because he has been successful at combating corruption and promoting economic growth. But he’s also guilty of serious abuses. His enemies often die mysterious deaths, sometimes with signs of torture. There is strong evidence that he has dispatched hit men to kill Rwandan dissidents in both South Africa and Britain. More recently, Kagame has changed Rwanda’s constitution, potentially allowing him to stay in power through 2034 — a grand total of 40 years.
 
This raises an important question: What can be done to stop African autocrats like Kagame from simply refusing to step down when they are supposed to? In countries where democracy hasn’t yet taken root, term limits are essential. In Africa, the fight over them is intensifying. Gray-haired strongmen are crushing the democratic aspirations of their people. But term limits can give democracy a fighting chance against entrenched autocrats.
 
When respected, term limits work. Research on African elections by Professor Nic Cheeseman at the University of Birmingham has shown that peaceful transfers of power through the ballot box are far more likely when incumbents are not on the ballot. Term limits are still important even when despots bend or break them. Normally, it’s daunting for citizens to remove a ruler who has been in power for decades. But term limits provide a precise pressure point: When the president tries to change the rules, people can take to the streets in opposition to something specific.
 
Without that leverage, many African leaders severely overstay their welcome. Just take Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe. He has been in power (first as prime minister, then as president) since 1980 — back when Jimmy Carter was still in the White House. When pressed by a reporter on whether it might finally be time to say goodbye to the people of Zimbabwe after more than three decades in power, he reportedly replied: “Why? Where are they going?”
 
Eight of out 10 Zimbabweans have never lived under the rule of anyone other than Mugabe. The proportion is even higher in Angola, led by José Eduardo dos Santos since 1979. Teodoro Obiang of Equatorial Guinea took power that same year. But Paul Biya of Cameroon wins the despotic dinosaur prize, ruling Cameroon (first as prime minister, then as president) since 1975 — back when Gerald Ford was in office. Despite African political instability, seven of the 10 longest-serving rulers in the world are African. African democracy, or the lack of it, has suffered accordingly.
 
Over the past several decades, Western governments have pushed for democratic reforms in Africa. In response to that pressure and calls from their own citizens, 18 African countries instituted constitutional two-term limits aimed at stopping future Mugabes from holding office as long as they want. But in Africa, rules are far too easily bent or broken. With alarming frequency, African autocrats are trying a new playbook — simply changing term-limit rules or ignoring them to stay in power. At least 16 African heads of state have tried to remain in power by tweaking the constitution. Leaders succeeded in doing so in the Republic of the Congo, Congo, Rwanda, Burundi, Djibouti, Cameroon, Chad, Uganda, Gabon and Togo. As they do so, democracy continues to recede from the continent while economic growth and human rights suffer.
 
Africans are striking back. Across the continent, opinion surveys show that more than two-thirds of citizens approve of term limits for their heads of state. In both Burkina Faso and Burundi, presidents who defied term limits have triggered serious popular unrest. Since the rules are already in place, people can take to the streets when the autocrat tries to change them. That’s easier than pushing for a new rule. Last year, Joseph Kabila, president of Congo, pledged to step down and hold elections after pressure from the Obama administration combined with widespread unrest to make his position untenable. It appeared, for a time, that the one-two punch of U.S. foreign policy and local street protests could make despots think twice about violating term limits.
 
That changed on Nov. 8, 2016. Pressure from Obama, the lame-duck president, became meaningless. President Trump signaled that he wouldn’t lift a finger to deal with problems outside narrowly defined interests. In his transactional view of diplomacy, term limits simply don’t rate. This is a momentous lost opportunity. These countries aren’t like North Korea or Kazakhstan, where term limits were never realistic. Decades of foreign policy pressure in Africa have paid off. Now the time has come to push governments to obey their own rules. Trump derides career politicians and claims he wants to drain the swamp in Washington. But with virtually no effort and very little cost, Washington can do its part to help Africans get rid of their own, much more insidious career politicians. We should help Africa drain their swamps so that democracy can grow.
 
Source:www.washingtonpost.com

Commenter cet article

Janja 30/07/2017 19:01

Muli Nord Korea prezida waho igihe yaramaze gupfa ;Tv yaho yerekanaga abantu bali kumuhanda balimo balira.Muli lino kina mico lyoyamamaza lya Kagame batweretse umukobwa nawe ulimo arira ngo kubera urukundo afitiye Kagame..Yaje gutangaza ko atazi ababyeyi be ko yabanje kuba kumugiraneza mbere yuko amushyira mu kigo kimpfubyi. Abishe ababyeyi be yaba abazi se?

Karake 30/07/2017 18:02

Kagome degage !
Jya kuvuza iyo minkanyari iranga Rwabujindili rulya ntiruhage rulya akalibwa nakatalibwa.
Go outside !
Shitani ilinze amalimbi yabacu yaligasuye ; isange izindi nta mwanya ifite hano !

TORA KAGAME 30/07/2017 15:17

NKUNDA UMUGABO NTACYO AMPAYE. UMUGABO WITWA SANKARA UBA MULI SOUTH AFRICA,ATI AHO KWITA FRANK HABINEZA KIMARANZARA,AHUBWO IYO ASABA KWITWA KIMARARUPFU,KUKO ALIRWO KAGAME YAZANYE MU RWANDA. ATI IYO AVUGA AKO NATORWA AZAFUNGA KAMI NO KWA GACINYA I GIKONDO,AHO ABANTU BATAGIRA UMUBARE BICWA RUBOZO. WAGUYE KWIJAMBO RWOSE!!

TORA KAGAME 30/07/2017 14:47

Maze kuganira n'abanyamahanga benshi ariko bose hari ikintu cyantangaje bose barimo guhurizaho, bose barambwiye ngo uwabaha ubwenegihugu bw 'u Rwanda bahita batora Paul Kagame badashidikanya ngo kuko u Rwanda babona ruteye imbere ku buryo bukabije kandi byose Kubera ubuyobozi bwiza bwa President Paul Kagame. Umwe muri bo yagize ati RWANDAN GOTTA MAKE A RIGHT CHOICE AND VOTE FOR PAUL KAGAME, BECAUSE HE IS A GOOD LEADER .

TORA KAGAME 30/07/2017 14:37

Kagame Paul yambereye akabando, ibikorwa byawe byambereye akabando.
- Girinka munyarwanda yambereye akabando, ibikorwa byawe byambereye akabando
-VIUP iwacu yambereye akabando, ibikorwa byawe byambereye akabando.
- Mituel iwacu yambereye akabando, ibikorwa byawe byambereye akabando.
Agaki? Akando, Agaki? Akabando Agaki? Akabando.
-Isuku n'isukura byambereye akabando, ibikorwa byawe byambereye akabando
-Imiturire myiza yambereye akabando, ibikorwa byawe byambereye akabando,
Agaki? Akabando, Agaki? Akabando... Tora Paul Kagame.

TORA KAGAME 30/07/2017 14:27

Cent pour cent, cent pour cent, cent pour cent. Ni imbamo y'Imana mbe mwa tuzanamutora tu, ntawatubuza Gutora Paul Kagame.

TORA KAGAME 30/07/2017 14:05

Nta ntambara yantera ubwoba, nta ntambara yantera ubwoba, iyarinze Kagame izandinda, nta ntambara yantera ubwoba.

TORA KAGAME 30/07/2017 14:02

Akarere ka Nyamasheke kahuye n'imiyaga myinshi mibi yavangavanze abaturage b'i Nyamasheke. Intambara ya kabiri y'isi yageze mu Rwanda yatangiriye i Nyamasheke iturutse muri Congo. Amadini atandukanye menshi yatangiriye i Nyamasheke, Zone turquoise yashegeshe akarere ka Nyamasheke kuko yatumye interahamwe zihakorera genocide zisanzuye. Ibi bintu byose byatumye abanyarusizi bahura n'ibibavangira byinshi kugeza igihe Imana y'u Rwanda izanye Paul Kagame, akagarurira isura akarere ka Nyamasheke, Ubu abaturage b'i Nyamasheke basigaye bitwa indongozi Kubera iterambere bagezeho. Basigaye bafite umuhanda wa kaburimbo kuva u Rwanda rwabaho nta muhanda nk'uwo wigeze uhagera, Kagame Paul niwe uwuhagejeje. Abaturage b'i Nyamasheke barimo barabaza bati ni inde utatora Kagame? Kandi tuzi neza aho yatuvanye? Nyuma yo kwibaza Ibyo bibazo babwiye Nyakubahwa Paul Kagame bati TWARABIGUSABYE URABITWEMERERA TUZAGUTORA.

MBEGA ABANYABWENGE? 30/07/2017 13:46

EREGA BWARAYAZE KUBO BITA INTORE CYANGWA SE IBIKORESHO. INO ARTICLE IRATWEREKA NEZA ABANYAGITUGU BO MULI AFRIKA BAMAZE KUNGOMA KUVA MULI ZA 1975. BAKEREKANA UKUNTU BAGENDA BAHINDURA CONSTITUTION UKO BABISHAKA NGO BAZAGWE KUNGOMA. NTAKINTU NA KIMWE UWANDITSE INO NKURU ABESHYA. NKAHO BAKWIKUBISE AGASHYI NGO BABONE KO NTAHO BAVUYE NTAHO BAJYA-REKA DA . AHUBWO BAGASHYIGIKIRA IBYO UWANDITSE INO NKURU YAVUZE. MWISOMERE NO KU IGIHE.COM MUREBE IBYO BANDITSE,AHUBWO WAGIRANGO NI IRUSHANYWA UTABIKORA ARAVA KUNTEBE YICAYEHO. BWARAYAZE KOKO PE!

TORA KAGAME 30/07/2017 10:21

Abasaza abacyecuru Tora Kagame, aba jeunes bose mama yeee Tora Paul Kagame. Tora, Tora, Tora Kagame
- Niwe musingi w'ubumwe n'amajyambere, Intore uzirusha intambwe, erega urabahiga.
- Wankijije Nyakatsi navirwaga umusubirizo
-Wampaye inka y'igaju dore nkuye ubwatsi,
JYE NZAMUTORA NSIGASIRE IBYAGEZWEHO, JYE NZAMUTORA NIWO MURAGE NDAZE ABATOYA.
Abasaza abacyecuru, Tora Kagame, abajeunes bose mama yeeee Tora Paul Kagame

TORA KAGAME 30/07/2017 10:15

Tora Tora twese dutore Paul Kagame , candidat wacu niwe ubereye u Rwanda. Tora Tora twese dutore Paul Kagame imvugo ye niyo ngiro nimuze tumutore.
1. Mucyo twibuke twese aho uru Rwanda rwavuye, n'ibyiza birutatse Ubu nimuze tumutore.
2. U Rwanda rwacu rw'ubumwe n'iterambere rihamye, imvugo ye niyo ngiro nimuze tumutore.
3. Aho tugeze ni heza ni imbere harahari, tumwongere ikizere, turacyamukeneye.
4. Imiyoborere myiza yatangaje isi yose Afrika ntiyatinze kumuha icyizere.
5. Bamubonyemo ubwenge, ndetse n'ubushishozi, bamushinga gushaka icyahuza Afrika yose.
6. Yafunguriye amashuri abana b'abanyarwanda ikoranabuhanga ryakwiye u Rwanda rwose.... ibyo yakoze byiza ni byinshi sinabivuga ngo mbirangize.
TORA TORA TWESE ,DUTORE PAUL KAGAME KANDIDA WACU NIWE UBEREYE U RWANDA. TORA TORA TWESE DUTORE PAUL KAGAME IMVUGO YE NIYO NGIRO NIMUZE TUMUTORE.

TORA KAGAME 30/07/2017 09:56

KAGAME ni ingabo nziza Yego weeee!! Intwari idatinya urugamba ayi yeee tuzamutora. Yakoreye byinshi abanyarwanda Yego weee, amahanga yose aratangara ayi yeeee tuzamutora. Kagame ni ingabo nziza Yego weee, intwari Yatsinze urugamba, ayi yeee tuzamutora. Umutekano mu banyarwanda, ayi yeeee tuwukesha Iyo ntwari ayi yeeee tuzamutora. Yasubije umubyeyi agaciro ayi yeeee, ubu muri byose ntaho ahezwa ayi yeee tuzamutora, Kagame ni ingabo Nziza ayi yeee, intwari Yatsinze urugamba ayi yeee tuzamutora. Iryo avuze riba ritashye, Yego weee, cyane iyo arengera u Rwanda, ayi yeee tuzamutora. Yateje imbere uburezi mu Rwanda, Yego weee, irondakoko n'akarere byaracitse. Ayi yeee tuzamutora. Ubukerarugendo n'amahoteli, Yego weee, Ibyo byo byahuruje amahanga, ayi yeee tuzamutora. Kagame oyeeeeeeeeeee, oyeeeeeeeeeee, Gahunda ya Girinka na VIUP Yego weeee irwanya ubucyene mu Rwanda, ayi yeee tuzamutora. Imihanda myiza mu Rwanda hose Yego weee, indege mu kirere ziragenda ayi yeee, tuzamutora.

Africa - Africans Destroyed No Problem. 30/07/2017 01:14

Abazungu nibabi cyane pe! Ndabarahiye abazungu nibabi cyane. Ndibuka cyane amakamyo yirirwa apakira impunzi zabanyarwanda nabarundi bahererkanya namadege yabo no kujya gusuka muri amerika, hanyuma yabyose George W. Bushi abwira abenegihugu be ati abo bose mubona turi kubazana kunyungu zacu ntabwo ari inyungu zabo, beshi byahise biducanga ntitwasobanukirwa, nyamara kwari ukuvuga ubucakara mumigani yabo, kutagira uburenganzira kuri byose haba nokubuzima bwawe nkuko ariko ubucakara bisobanuye. Yewe abazungu nibabi cyane pe! Murabona uko bakoresheje Inkotanyi ziyobowe na Kagame, murabona uko bari kuzunguza uburundi na presida wuburundi Pierre Nkurunziza.
ndibuka cyane umugabo utaranirwaga ni jambo ahubwo yanigwaga nuwo aribwiye ariwe Kadhafi wa Libya yabwiye abanyamerika ati Afrika ntabwo ari akarima kanyu kandi afrika ntaruhushya mufite rwo kwinjiramo uko mwishakiye kuko afrika niyo abanyafrika ntabwo ari iyanyu uyu mugabo yari imyugariro. Bukeye baramwirenza kuko yari yarabatambamiye, ndibuka nyakwigendera nyakubahwa Presida Juvenal
Habyarimana muri za 1988 abanyamerika bamubwira bati reka tugure Gisenyi turaguha amadollar meshi cyane kuko dushaka gutera Zaire, Habyara ati ngo ngwiki? Murashaka gutera umuturanyi wange? Ati nigewe muba muteye ati nimuhite mumvira aha vuba nabwangu mbahaye amasaha make cyane mukaba muvuye kubutaka bw'urwanda abo bazungu bazinga umunya nimirizo basubira iwabo bakubita agatoki kukandi bukeye abo bazungu bahaye intwaro inkotanyi nubufasha bwose ngo ngaho nimutere urwanda turabashyigikiye kandi turi kumwe mubanze mwice Presida Juvenal Habyarimana iyo niyo ntsinzi yambere ubundi mufate ubutegetsi turi kumwe kandi tuzahita dufata na Zaire turayishaka cyane, inkotanyi ziti ibyo tuzabibakorera nibyo mushaka byose tuzabikora. Abazungu bati mwice abo bahutu bose nabo mushaka bose mubice tuzasibanganya ibimenyetso, tuzaniga itangazamakuru ntanakimwe kizamenyekana, ntanumwe uzamenya ibyabaye uko niko byagenze muri Zaire-Congo hishwe amamillion namamillion yimpunzi zabanyarwanda nabakongomani ntabyavuzwe ntanuwarabutswe ubuzima burakoje, nuyu munsi bica barimbura ntakibozo. Yewe abazungu nibabi cyane pe!

@ma soeur Caritas 29/07/2017 23:37

Ariko se, iyi mipango ya RPF, ko abantu "bazima" babona aho ikibazo kiri; niko seCaritas muzakomeza guhishira umwotsi, inzu iri gushya?

Ibyo twabibwiye abambari ba MRND hagati ya 1990 na 1994, baguma muri za "co ga mwa".
Nyamara twagombye twe nk'abanyarwanda, gucoca ibibazo byacu nkuko South Afrika yabikoze.

kilimambogo boys 29/07/2017 23:31

Paix et liberté ne peuvent être séparées, car personne ne peut être ne paix tant qu'il n'est pas libre. Malcom X

kilimambogo boys 29/07/2017 23:30

Que l'on soit chrétien, musulman, nationaliste, agnostique, athée, il nous faut d'abord apprendre à oublier nos différences. Malcom X

kilimambogo boys 29/07/2017 23:29

On ne peut gagner sa liberté qu'en montrant à l'ennemi que l'on est prêt à tout pour l'obtenir. Malcom X

kilimambogo boys 29/07/2017 23:26

ayamakuru yanditswe n'imbwa z'abazungu ntayo tuba dushaka hano ! reba burigihe bashaka kwerekana nabi uwo badakunda ! Le Grand Robert Mugabe président isi nzima izi ko afite ubwenge budasanzwe (professeur d’université ...) burigihe bakora uko bashoboye ngo bamusebye, ariko agakuru k'ubushwiriri ntako batagira ngo bakerekane uko katari uretse ko nabo byabayobeye ... uko bakagira kose ubona gasa nabi nk'inyo ya nyirakuru kanjogera

MUGABO 29/07/2017 22:20

Mu gihe ibihugu byose bya Afrika bisigaye biteranira i Kigali muri KIGALI CONVENTION CENTER, i Burundi ho siko bimeze. Umuryango w'ubukungu w'ibihugu bya Afrika witwa COMESA wagombaga kuzateranira i Bujumbura none wahinduye iyo gahunda kuko basanze u Burundi nta nzu nzima ihari yashobora kwakira inama nk'iyongiyo, nta modoka zihagije u Burundi bufite zo gutwara abantu bashobora kwitabira iyo nama, ikindi kubera ibibazo by'inzara yugarije u Burundi ntabyo kurya abarundi bafite byo kuba bakwakira Iyo nama, ariko noneho igiteye akumiro ni uko intumwa za COMESA zasanze nta n'imisarani u Burundi bugira abantu bituma ku gasozi. Ngubwo ubuyobozi bwa Nkurunziza ngo bwumva bwamesa u Rwanda kandi kandi bwenda kwipfira. Ninko kubona ipusi ivuga ngo izica ingwe!!!

uri ikigoryi 30/07/2017 00:01

wagacurama we abazungu babubakiye iyo nzu bashiramo micro, camera banategeka ibigoryi by'abaperezida b'afrika kuzajya bahuriramo kugirango bajye bumviriza ubugoryi bw'abanyafurika none nawe n'ubucucu bwawe ngo hari ibyo mwagezeho !!! yayayayaay mbega ingegera !!! ahandi hose muri afurika aba jeune ubona ko barikurushaho kubona kure, ubumenyi burikwiyongra uretse m'urwanda ho mbona ibyana by'inyenzi n'ubundi byaribisanzwe ari ibigoryi noneho birikuruhaho kuba ibicucu, no guhuma ... sinzi iyo bizagarukira ibi byondi bigenda bihagaze, nogufunga iminwa yabyo byabinaniye kubera imyinyo isumba ibinwa byabyo ... ibigoryi gusa cyo kimwe n'umusega urusha iyindi ubusega

Karemera 29/07/2017 22:42

Icyo libazo cyp kulya muli za Hotel ; na hano i Kigali ntiwibuka uko byagendekeye abashyitsi mu mezi yashize? Ukeka se ko ali imidarani ali n,amazi meza byose abantu bose ntibabikeneye. Wasobanura gute se abicwa ningona muli Nyabarongo bavoma amazi kamdi tubeshya amahanga ngo twabaye Singapur?