Rwanda : Spanish Court Revives Case against Kagame’s Military Entourage

Publié le par veritas

A Spanish judge is expected to issue a new round of arrest warrants against Rwandan commanders and a high profile dissident wanted on terrorism charges. Three years after Spain’s conservative government drastically watered down its universal jurisdiction laws, a Spanish court has revived an investigation into Rwandan military officials accused of committing terrorism against Spanish citizens.
 
The decision by three judges on Spain’s national court was issued on June 29, 2017, and will be sent to investigating magistrate Fernando Andreu Merelles for approval, said Jordi Palou Loverdos, a lawyer for families of Spanish victims, in an interview. In 2008, Judge Andreu gained international acclaim when he indicted 40 military officials of the ruling Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) on charges of genocide, crimes against humanity, and terrorism dating from the 1990s. The case initially stemmed from the murder of nine Spanish citizens in Rwanda and neighboring Democratic Republic of Congo, but widened in scope to prosecute RPF military officials for more serious war crimes against Rwandan and Congolese civilians.
 
In 2014, in a bid to improve economic relations with China and the United States, the Spanish People’s Party eroded the country’s doctrine of universal jurisdiction, which had long sought to investigate crimes beyond its borders and hold abusive leaders accountable. The changes in legislation restricted the courts’ ability to prosecute atrocities committed abroad because they required that defendants be Spanish or be residing on Spanish territory. Human rights defenders slammed the legislation, and lawyers contested the amendments in constitutional court.
 
Palou Loverdos said the national court’s decision to reopen the investigation into Rwandan military officials was made possible by two legal provisions: (1) the principle of “passive personality” which enables Spain to assert jurisdiction in cases when terrorism is committed against Spanish citizens abroad, and (2) the possibility of extraditing a leading suspect in the murders of the nine Spanish nationals. The decision will allow Judge Andreu to issue international arrest warrants against at least 22 RPF officials indicted in 2008 on charges of terrorism in relation to the murders of Spanish citizens, according to Palou Loverdos.
 
While there is no new change in Spain’s laws, the decision is a new interpretation of universal jurisdiction, he explained. “This is a new interpretation of international and national law. This means that we still hope for justice. We began this case on behalf of Spanish citizens, then worked for Rwandan and Congolese victims as well. We are still on the same path,” Palou Loverdos said. The decision by Spain’s national court was issued after Palou Loverdos submitted a new request involving General Kayumba Nyamwasa, Rwanda’s former defense chief who was indicted by Spain for his leading role in ordering the killing of Spanish citizens. Nyamwasa fled to South Africa in 2010 after falling out with Kagame.
 
In June, South Africa’s Supreme Court withdrew his refugee status and gave the South African government six months to reconsider his status. Nyamwasa has faced three attempts on his life while residing in South Africa, allegedly at the hands of Kagame’s operatives. “We hope to have an active extradition of Kayumba Nyamwasa at last. South Africa is a state party to the European Extradition Convention so theoretically there is an international obligation of South Africa to deliver General Nyamwasa to the Spanish authorities or prosecute and judge him there for the same crimes.” The Spanish legal team faces major judicial hurdles. No government in Europe, North America, or Africa was willing to extradite any of the 40 Rwandans indicted in 2008 on war crimes. Kagame has benefited from widespread international support despite well-documented human rights abuses committed by his military intelligence apparatus for 27 years in Rwanda and two decades in neighboring Congo. He and his commanders have enjoyed de-facto immunity from prosecution at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and the International Criminal Court (ICC).
 
Yet in a surprise move, Emmanuel Karenzi Karake, Kagame’s former spy chief, was arrested in London in June 2015 on the basis of a European Arrest Warrant issued by Spain. The Spanish indictment alleged that Karake worked with Nyamwasa in ordering the killing of three Spanish nationals for the NGO Doctors of the World and was ultimately responsible for the murder of Canadian Priest Guy Pinard in northwestern Rwanda in 1997. Defectors of Kagame’s Tutsi-led regime have testified to the court that Pinard and the Spanish citizens were targeted because they were aware of RPF killings of Hutu civilians at the time. Cherie Blair, the wife of Britain’s former Prime Minister Tony Blair, defended Karake against the charges. Two months later, a London court dismissed the case on a technicality and Karake returned home where he officially advises Kagame on defense and security policies.
 
Source : Foreign Policy Journal
 

Commenter cet article

Mbonyingabo 17/07/2017 11:02

Erega bene izimanza abantu bashobora kuzitinza, ariko ntizihera

Kijyambere 17/07/2017 05:46

Bigaragara ko intozo za Kagome zigishijwe kimwe gusa ="Kugira nabi no kwica."
Ifoto ya Diane yambaye ubusa ntacyo ivuze !
Ntibimubuza gukomeza. Gusa mwiyibagije ko mwari kumwe kugeza igihe mumugize imfubyi.
Nimuhaga ubwo bukozi bwibibi bwanyu muzegere imfura z abahutu zibigishe ubundi bulyo bwo kubaho !!! Ubuzima ku isi ni bugufi ; ubugolyi bw' inyenzi nuko zihitamo kububaho mu bibi numutima ulibwalibwa mpaka zihonyotse !
Abajeune barabyumvise nabatarabyumva bazaze !

KAYUMBA NYAMWASA: POLO IBYAWE BIRIKWIGWA 17/07/2017 01:08

KAYUMBA ARADUSABA GUHAGURUKA TUKAVANAHO URIYA MWICANYI RUHARWA.

http://www.therwandan.com/ki/2017/07/16/gen-kayumba-nyamwasa-ati-kuva-muri-1998-nari-nzi-ko-kagame-atazarekura-ubutegetsi/

IGIHE NI IKI POLO AGAKUBITWA IZAKABWANA aka GIKWETE

Isubiranamo ryatangiye 17/07/2017 00:04

Amakuru agera kuri The Rwandan kuri iki cyumweru tariki ya 16 Nyakanga 2017 aturuka i Kigali aravuga ko abasirikare 4 bakuru bo ku rwego rwa Colonel batawe muri yombi.

Nk’uko ayo makuru akomeza abivuga ngo abatawe muri yombi ni abakurikira:

Colonel Rugazora,

Colonel Gishaija,

Colonel Mugabo



Colonel Peter Kalimba (rtd)

Biravugwa ko bazize gukekwa gukorana n’umutwe wa politique utavuga rumwe n’ubutegetsi Rwanda National Congress (RNC) ndetse ngo mu myaka ishize baba baragize uruhare mu kureka Nyakwigendera Colonel Patrick Karegeya agatoroka igihugu.

Undi watawe muri yombi ni umugore witwa Goretti akaba murumuna wa Leah Karegeya umugore wa Colonel Patrick Karegeya.

Amakuru akomeza gucicikana ava i Kigali aravuga ko hashobora kuba hatawe muri yombi abandi benshi tutarashobora kumenya turacyabikurikirana.

TURABIMENYEREYE 17/07/2017 01:15

POLO NTAGIRA ABASIRIKARE agira INZUGI (doors). Kuki? INZUGI BARAZIFUNGA BAKAZIFUNGURA Nguko uko yagize ziriya NGIRWA NGABO ZE.

Ingabo zirutwa na DIANE SHIMA ati: UKABONA abantu bambaye amagogi cg amanyenyeri ariko ari IBIKANGE BISA. Akabashuka ngo nibikorere IBISEKE maze bati BSRANKUNDAAAA..Ayinyanya...


Gen KAYUMBA
His NKURUNZIZA PIERRE
ABACUNGUZI
INTAGANZWA za RNC
DIANE
PADRI
MWENEDATA
MWESE MWESE MURAMBIWE AKAGATSIKO K'AMABANDI:

MUHAGURUKE TUVANE ISHYANO MUNZIRA.

KAYUMBA ATWEMEREYE KUZABITUYOBORAMO.
Abatekereza ibindi murabeho.

http://www.therwandan.com/ki/2017/07/16/gen-kayumba-nyamwasa-ati-kuva-muri-1998-nari-nzi-ko-kagame-atazarekura-ubutegetsi/

hj 16/07/2017 16:54

Fake news?
Tanga references

Kayumba nyamwasa avuga ko ari ni ngombwa guhirika Kagame. 16/07/2017 15:06

Kayumba nyamwasa avuga ko ari ni ngombwa guhirika Kagame.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ofxxr1xkQ_A

Hitler - Kagame Polo 16/07/2017 16:08

Kayumba Nyamwasa nagende yase kagome baraziranye kuruta abandi bose niwe wamushobora. kayumba Nyamwasa yavuzeko yajyaga akura kagome mumyobo no murubingo aho yihishaga agiye kuhapfira nagende anamuvane murugwiro ikigali niho tumenyako yari umugabo. ngaho se nabikore turebe ko atatubeshye ibyo yajyaga akorera iyo ntozo izirusha intambwe?

Uwayo 16/07/2017 15:05

Ntwari we shauli yako nawe rwose uzamutore ntawe ukubujije gusa ikintu cyose kigira iherezo igihe cyo kwica, igihe cyo gutegeka , igihe cy'inzara..... buri kintu kigira iherezo gusa njye Imana ijye imfasha nzagire iherezo ryiza kandi izandinde kwanduranya. Burya iyo umuntu abona yijuse yibwira ko n'abandi ari uko.

NTWARI 16/07/2017 13:48

Ibyo byose murimo ni ugupfunda imitwe ntacyo biteze kubagezaho. President Paul Kagame, Tuzamutora yongere ayobore abanyarwanda, abo bizamena umutwe bazawumeneke shahuli yao.

Semanzi 16/07/2017 15:23

Genda Ntwari uri umurwayi umuntu yakwibaza nimba azi gusoma. Ungere usome neza urasanga abashaka kurega Kagame (Espagne) atari ABAHUTU kuko aribo mumenyereye kwica. Kagame kuba yarishe abazungu bizamukurikirana kugeza apfuye. Kwiba amatora y'abanyarwanda ntabwo bizahanagura ibyaha yakoreye Bene Madamu. Kwirirwa witera ijeki uhindura Abazungu abahutu cyangwa Abakongomani nicyo abafaransa bita 'FOLIE DE GRANDEUR'. Khadafi wari igihangange yishe Abazungu bimuviramo ibibazo byinshi kuburyo yagombye kuriha akayabo k'amafaranga. Aho gukomeza ushuka Shebuja, wari ukwiye kumugira Inama yo kugurisha Indege ebyiri ze hanyuma akishyura abazungu yagiriye nabi. Byatuma nibura imisahuro yibye muri Kongo imukiza nibura. Ariko kubera ubusambo bwe burenze kamere mbona atazabikora, ahubwo azemera akamera nka Sadam Hussein basanze mu mubwo yicyikije amdolara y'akayabo.

Haguma 16/07/2017 14:18

Tuzamutora akomeze arase abo ashaka izuba liva. Ramba Ntwali we! Wibagiwe ko nabo yasimbuye babonaga hafi 100% naho Nyamagabe yazindukiye. Akayabona kubushake bwa prefe wishakiraga umugati gusa

Niyonzima jean de Dieu 16/07/2017 13:11

Ejo bundi nasomye inkuru yanditswe ni intore kuri FCBook . I yi ntore yarataga ibikorwa by'ubugome Byaranze Prezida Kagame Guhera kumyaka 26 Ubwo yafashaga Museveni kwica abagande kavukire, ubwori yari agent de renseignement muri icyo gihugu. Iyi ntore yakomeje kurata ubugome bwa Sebuja ubwo yavugaga ukuntu kumyaka 36 Yishe Habyarimana nyuma yo kugoreka imbaga y'Abanyarwanda benshi bo mumoko yose. Icyantangaje cyane cyanteye kwibaza ni uburyo iyi ntore yatanze Kagame ubwo yavugaga uburyo kumyaka 39 yateye Zaire akica Mobutu. Iyi ntore yavuze ko nta muntu ku si wigegeze yica abanzi benzi benshi nkabo Kagame yishe. Abo yitabanzi ubwo namwe murabumva. Aho naboneyeko intore zirimo bya bisiga by'urwararurerure ruzimena inda uko iyi ntore yibagiwe ko ibyo yandika bisomwa na abantu bose. none itumije Abazungu bibaza byinshi. Nyirandabizi nti mutahana ubukwe.

Kubwayo Erneste 16/07/2017 14:35

Jean de Dieu urakoze cyane kubwizi nyandiko wabonye ukadusangizaho, nubona inyandiko nkizi muge muzikota muzishyire mububiko kugirango ntizizasaze kandi ntizizibagirane kuko kutamenya no kwibagirwa vuba nibyo bitugejeje aha. kwandika inyandiko no kuzishyira mububiko ningombwa cyane. twese hamwe ntitukibagirwe amateka yacu nabadukomkaho kuko umwana wese akenera kwigishwa nababyeyi be mbere ya byose agakurana uburere, ubumenyi, nubwenge ibindi bikaziraho nyuma.

Hakizimana 16/07/2017 13:11

Iyo dossier kimwe nifitwe na France yahawe Israel ngo ikore ibishoboka byose zihere mu bubati. Natwe twemeye kuzababera ikiraro cyo kwinjira muli Afrika no kubabera umuvugizi muli commission yikirrmwa muntu ya ONU ubu twinjiyemo. Abavuga rero twababwira iki.