Rwanda: An Open Letter to Ms. Christine Lagarde and Dr. Jim Yong Kim

Publié le par veritas

KCC

KCC

August 5, 2016
 
Ms. Christine Lagarde, Managing Director, The International Monetary Fund, 700
19th St NW, Washington, DC 20431, United States

Dr. Jim Yong Kim, President of the World Bank, 1818 H St NW, Washington, DC
20433, United States

Dear Ms. Lagarde and Dr. Kim,

RE: Cronyism will plunge Rwanda into chaos if left unchecked by the country’s financiers

I begin my letter by thanking you for supporting my home country, Rwanda. In 2016 alone, your two agencies will lend Rwanda nearly a half billion dollars — the World Bank’s loans and grants amount USD285 million while the IMF’s Standby credit totals USD204 million.

The purpose of this open letter, however, is about cronyism in Rwanda. Case in point is the Kigali Convention Centre (KCC), financed by the larger part of the USD400 million Eurobond the Kagame government raised in 2013. Shockingly, a company by the name of Prime Holdings Ltd is a major shareholder with 50% shares.

Now, Prime Holdings Ltd’s notoriety is documented in the IMF’s records, as I discovered when researching for my new book, Kagame’s Economic Mirage(2016). Back in 2006, the IMF concluded that Rwanda’s “adherence to conditionality was poor” because, among other things, “the publication of Prime Holdings’ audit was not met.” At the time, Rwanda was building two major hotels that would be the launchpad of its tourism business. Prime Holdings Ltd was in charge of this project.
 
In response to the IMF’s findings, the Kagame government admitted that Prime Holdings was corrupt and should not be in business. In a letter dated May 18, 2006, to the then IMF’s Managing Director, Mr. Rodrigo de Rato y Figaredo, Rwanda’s Finance Minister, James Musoni, and Governor of the National Bank of Rwanda, Francois Kanimba, described Prime Holdings Ltd as follows:

“With a view to enhancing transparency related to Prime Holdings’ two hotels, we have published a financial audit and business plan of Prime Holdings in December 2005 (missed end-September performance criterion). As the auditors concluded that “it was not possible to determine if proper books of account were kept by the hotels”, we have canceled the contract with the management company and are in negotiations with the Intercontinental group to take on the management of the hotels.”
 
So now, how does the discredited Prime Holdings Ltd which the Kagame government terminated a decade ago reemerge to own 50% of KCC? That is not all. Crystal Ventures Ltd (CVL) is also a shareholder in KCC. Owned by the ruling party, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), CVL is synonymous with cronyism in Rwanda. Without government contracts in building roads, chartering executive jets to President Paul Kagame, or constructing a stadium for a local municipality, CVL would collapse. CVL is the most critical deterrent to domestic and foreign investment in Rwanda — and explains why Rwanda’s top rankings in the World Bank’s Doing Business indicators hardly make a difference.

There is no question that we are witnessing in KCC entrenched cronyism via state capture by the ruling elite in Rwanda. Prime Holdings Ltd is a shadowy front. It does not have an address or website. Prime Holdings’ premises in Kimihurura were turned into military officers’ quarters by President Kagame in 2009. Rwandans thought we had seen the last of this mafia-like company, only to reemerge, in control of even much larger assets - KCC.

As Rwanda’s leading financiers, the IMF and the World Bank have an obligation to hold the Kagame government accountable to transparency. We urge your two agencies to leverage your lending and surveillance powers to intervene before Rwanda’s ruling elite bankrupts the nation.

At the very least, the government of Rwanda should explain how, when, and why it resuscitated Prime Holdings Ltd, after assuring the IMF that the corrupt company closed ten years ago.


Most Sincerely,

 
 
David Himbara

Commenter cet article

RIDER 06/08/2016 16:09

@Murphy. Ibyo bibazo byose ufite, bishyire Ku murongo ugende ubibaze abakwiza izo mpuha za Mapping report, Panama Paper, Shooting the plane, BBC Untold story. Jyewe ntaho mpuriye n'abanyempuha.

Nibyo 07/08/2016 06:16

Rider ntuli umunyempuha aliko uli muli babazumva ryali(abantu bikunda bakareba ibabagilira inyugu nibyabo gusa) Mapping report iryamye muli ONU birazwi kw'isi hose, Panama Paper irazwi kandi abavugwamo nka Ndahiro FPR na Kagame nisociety yiwe barazwi ni nabaherwe kandi ntibarahakana kumugaragaro.Shooting the plane, niba ali iyaritwaye juvenal yahanuwe na FPR bitegetswe na kagame birazwi kuko nabafashe misile bakazishira mu lance misile bakazirasa kuli iyo ndege nyine barabizi kandi baranabyivugira uzabaje major Micombero aba mu bubiligi yalimubarashe, major Rudasingwa Theogene new RNC arabizi, Himbara David yahora ali umujanama wa kagame arabizi, Kayumba Nyamwasa old RNC umsilikali mukuru arabizi na major Ndahiro muli amareka haricyo azi. Aba nkubwiye barazwi kandi barazi neza ibyo kuraswa by'indege.ya Juvenal. Hari nabandi benshi babizi kandi ba byemeza. Untold story, niba utarayibonye video uzabaze radio itahuka, veritas info na leta yurda irayifite kuko ntiyali gusaba rubanda kwigaragambiliza imbere y' ambasade yubwongereza mu rda itayizi. Byongeye, BBC niyo mwene iyi docummentaire bazayiguha byoroshye maze wiyumvire. Ubwo rero ubundi Impuha nibintu bivuzwe bitagira gihamya(reference) ndaguhaye gihamya rero ntugaheranwe namateka ngo akugire ingwate. None se Rider we niba utakemera ibi wanditse, wakwemera ko i nzara NZARAMBA yamaze abantu I Kayonza,rwamagana, rwinkwavu ndetse no mumajyepfo yu rda? Wakwemera ko urda rutoza abatera uburundi na Kongo? wakwemera imirambo ya rweru? yewe uzemera ugezweho da.

NTAKADASHIRA 06/08/2016 18:20

NTABWO ALI IMPUHA-BYOSE BIRABITSE-IKIBAZO NI IGIHE BIZAGIRA HANZE GUSA. ABABIBITSE NINABO BAZABISOHORA, UMUNSI INYUNGU ZABO ZIZARANGIRA: BILL CLINTON NA TONY BLAIR SE KO BATAZATURA NKIMISOZI IGIHUMBI.

Akamasa 06/08/2016 15:33

Uyi Rider ni aka DMI bohereza aho bashatse hose kakagenda buhumyi kagiye kwica niyo mpamvu gafana cyane kakanakunda Chef wako kuko basangiye amaraso y, inzirakarengane, murumva ko mumutwe nta cyirimo

Murphy to Rider 06/08/2016 15:04

Ngaho Tubwire uko Affair ya Panama papers yazamuye Rwanda.
Tubwire uburyo mapping report on DRC yazamuye Rwanda
Tubwire uko BBC untold story yazamuye Rwanda! !!
Come along Rider! !!!!!!!!
Tubwire uko kwica Dr Gasakure na Karegeya byazamuye Rwanda
Tubwire uko guhanura indege y, iguhugu byateje imbere Rwanda.
Umva mwa soma report ya IMF ivuga ko imfashanyo bahaye government ya FPR iruta kure iyo bahaye habyalimana na Kayibanda hamwe ariko ibikorwa bya FPR bikaba bidahuye na cash bahawe!!!!!
Do you know why?????
cash ya IMF ihishe muri Panama!!!!
Humura tuzajya tukuvungurira ho gake gake moaka umenye ukuri kandi ukuri kuzatuma urokoka uve mu itekinika!!!!!!

Murphy 06/08/2016 14:53

Urebye wowe ntabwo wonse ibitutsi ku ibere rya nyoko wanabyonse no kuri Bibélon!!!!!!
Ntukite abantu ibimwira ibyo ni ibitutsi byabana
Kandi Dore iyo bagututse ntubikunda nawe.
Be a man.
Harya kagame ko atize economics Humbara akaminuza kandi agakorera igihugu uravuga ko nta bisigisigi bye biri muri economy ya Rwanda???
Ngaho bisobanurire abandi jye undeke!!!!!

RIDER TO MURPHY 06/08/2016 13:44

Wowe wiyita Murphy uzabanze ushiremo ibitutsi wonse mu mabere ya nyoko ubone kuza hano gushyanuka ngo uraburanira HIMBARA. Ntacyo navuze wanyomoje na kimwe, uretse ko wavuze ubusa kugeza urwanga rukurenze. Navuze ko HIMBARA yananiwe gufatanya n'abandi bayobozi b'u Rwanda ngo barugeze ku iterambere rugezeho ubungubu nonese yarabishoboye ngo tuvuge ko mbeshya? kumbaza ngo HIMBARA yari Advisor wa H.E. Paul Kagame, icyo ni ikibazo cy'abaswa kuko ibyo ni amateka azwi ahubwo iyo umbaza uti kuki atakomeje kuba Advisor we? aho nari kugusubiza ko byatewe n'uko HIMBARA byaje kugaragara ko nta bushobozi yari afite bwo kubaka igihugu uretse ko yari afite impano ( talent) yo kwiba, kwirata, kugira ishyari n'urwango no kubeshya. Ni kimwe nawe ufite impano yo gushyomoka, kurondogora no gufana buhumyi ibigarasha. Abantu nkamwe rero ntacyo u Rwanda rubategerejeho cyeretse muhindutse kuko burya ubugabo butisubiraho bubyara ububwa!! Uwo mugani ntabwo uwuzi se? Reka mbigusubiriremo ibyo wowe na Himbara muvuga ni ishyari ry'ibyo u Rwanda rugezeho kandi mutarabyifuzaga akazi kanyu ni ukwirirwa musakuriza umuhisi n'umugenzi mwahindutse ba NAYUBU nimukomereze aho abandi nabo bazagumya bubake u Rwanda agahinda nikabica ubwo amaherezo muziyahura.

Birasetsa. 07/08/2016 07:19

Himbara kimwe nabandi benshi ntarondoye amazina ntibanze gukorana nabayobozi ( sindamuvugira nkuko wihaye kuvugira bashobuja batagutumye. uzaterere amaso niba uyafite kuri fecebook ya Himbara, twiter ye, mubitabo amaze kwandika nizindi nyandiko cg se ibiganiro bwirwa ruhame uzogira icyo uhatoye), ahubwo yanze abategetsi bategekesha igitugu,babajura, bababeshyi babirasi nandi makosa menshi abaranga nko kwica rubanda no guteza inzara mugihugu nibindi, bari kumwe mubuyobozi bwa FPR.

Kuba yali umujyanama(advisor) wuyu wise nyakubahwa(siwe) cg atakiliwe ntabwo wali kubisubiza kuko ntiyali umujanama wawe kandi nuwo yabereye umujyanama ntacyo arabivugaho. Ngaho rero itegure ujye usubiza ibibazo ku bazirukamwa nabirukanywe mu kazi n' abishwe nuwo wita nyakubahwa.

Mbega uretse ko ntamuzi neza (Himbara),kiretse ibyo mbona mu bitabo bye nibindi navuze biboneka ko ali smart kandi afite talent(impano) itandukanye(different) n' iyo wowe umuvugaho, wowe waba ufite talent ki? Umuntu iyo yiyerekanye neza aronka abafana, nyuma iyo bamwe bakwise ikigarasha aliko utalicyo ugumana ba ba fana inyuma yawe. Mbega se Rider, ninde ubatiza abandi ibigarasha, isanane nandi mazina nkayo? we se abatizwa nande? arabifitiye uburenganzira se? niba se nawe azahura numubatiza wenda nawe akamubatiza ikigarasha ntuzakomeza kumufana?

Rider, ntabwo Murphy na Himbara aribo bavuga gusa ahubwo abazi ibyo ndalibwalibwa abandi bamwita maganya, rupfu, kagome nandi bamubatiza akora barabivuga bakabyandika atali ishyali ahubwo bashaka kwerekana aho ukuli kuli, kandi kuvuga ukuli ntikubuza urwo Rwanda gutera imbere iyo rufite abaruteza imbere. Kuba rero Himbara, Barasetsa Murphy nabandi bataruteza imbere mu nkuko ubishaka, aliko baruteza imbere mu bindi nko kunyomoza ibinyoma wowe na shobuja mu bunza, kuvuga ubwicanyi mukora, kwiba amatungo n'amatora ya rubanda,ibigomba gukosorwa no guha umurongo mwiza leta yu rda niba shobuja yatanga agahengwe bigakorwa. Ntagahora gahanze rero nigihe gusa, azavaho tuze dufatanye kurwubaka kurusha uko muli kubeshya ngo murubaka kandi musana ibyo mwasenye mwasanze byarubatswe.murwubaka." Ngo buracya bakabisenya" Byumvuhore. Ingoma ya kagome izihilika itembagare maze Himbara nabandi babishoboye barwubake si cyera ni vuba.

UZABESHYA KUGEZA LYALI? 06/08/2016 13:58

Navuze ko HIMBARA yananiwe gufatanya n'abandi bayobozi b'u Rwanda ngo barugeze ku iterambere rugezeho ubungubu nonese yarabishoboye ngo tuvuge ko mbeshya?
IYO ATAVANAMO AKE KARENGE AHO UBU NTIYALIKUBALIZWA MULI RWERU? ASSINAPOL URWO YAPFUYE RWALI GUSIGA HIMBARA? GEN BYABAGAMBA AZIRA IKI? NGIRANGO UZI ICYO APFANA NA HIMBARA? RUJUGIRO AGEZE HEHE, NIKI ATAKOREYE IZAMARERE? ABO BOSE NTABWO BAZIRA HIMBARA WABACITSE?yari afite impano ( talent) yo kwiba, kwirata, kugira ishyari n'urwango no kubeshya. YAGUZE INDEGE ZINGAHE? WIGEZE UMUBONA KULI LISTE YA PANAMA PAPERS? YIGEZE AKORESHA REFERENDUM ZUDUSEKE? YIGEZE ARWANIRA UBUTWALI NA RWIGEMA? RIDER WE UBANZA UTAZI CYANGWA SE WIGIZA NKANA,INGOMA DUFITE MULI KINO GIHUGU.

Karinake 06/08/2016 12:25

@Murphy
Ni wowe ukwiye ipeti lya "Rider"; naho ubyiyita asange ibindi bikone mu Rugwiro ; Ndalyalyata yibye abanyarwanda !

Mukasine 06/08/2016 10:41

Ariko se abantu nkuyu wiyise FRIDAY babaye ari benshi muri communauté nyarwanda twaba tuvahe tujyahe koko mwokabyaramwe???

Ngo CNRD Babahashye babamene umutwe mpaka imutobo?!
Ariko abafana ba Byiringiro niba batekereza ko utabona ibintu nkabo amenwa umutwe turaganahe ko aka gatsiko k'intagondwa n'abagome kazaryasha abanyarwanda bakamarana?!

Murphy to Rider.Which development? ??? 06/08/2016 05:43

Rider
Umunsi twishituye amazina y, abayuda nka peter, paul, Rebecca na Isac cg Abraham uzamenye tugiye kuba credible! !!!
Nubona umuzungu witwa Nsengumukiza cg Kagame cg Rukeba uzamenye ko Rwanda ifite development.
Niba ushaka kumenya development ntiwirirwe ujya USA cg France jya South Africa gusa.
Ni ukuri kw, Imana nta vunja , macinya, wahabona
Nuhabona bwaki uzamenye ko mbeshya
Rwanda iti inyuma ya Singapore imyaka 200
Nakubwiye ngo umunsi Kagame yamenye gucura uruyovu rudoda imyenda cg igikwasi cyo guhandura amavunja yishe abanyarwanda uzamenye ko David himbara atari credible! !!!!!!!!!!!

Murphy to Rider.Which development? ??? 06/08/2016 05:43

Rider
Umunsi twishituye amazina y, abayuda nka peter, paul, Rebecca na Isac cg Abraham uzamenye tugiye kuba credible! !!!
Nubona umuzungu witwa Nsengumukiza cg Kagame cg Rukeba uzamenye ko Rwanda ifite development.
Niba ushaka kumenya development ntiwirirwe ujya USA cg France jya South Africa gusa.
Ni ukuri kw, Imana nta vunja , macinya, wahabona
Nuhabona bwaki uzamenye ko mbeshya
Rwanda iti inyuma ya Singapore imyaka 200
Nakubwiye ngo umunsi Kagame yamenye gucura uruyovu rudoda imyenda cg igikwasi cyo guhandura amavunja yishe abanyarwanda uzamenye ko David himbara atari credible! !!!!!!!!!!!

Murphy to Rider.Which development? ??? 06/08/2016 05:43

Rider
Umunsi twishituye amazina y, abayuda nka peter, paul, Rebecca na Isac cg Abraham uzamenye tugiye kuba credible! !!!
Nubona umuzungu witwa Nsengumukiza cg Kagame cg Rukeba uzamenye ko Rwanda ifite development.
Niba ushaka kumenya development ntiwirirwe ujya USA cg France jya South Africa gusa.
Ni ukuri kw, Imana nta vunja , macinya, wahabona
Nuhabona bwaki uzamenye ko mbeshya
Rwanda iti inyuma ya Singapore imyaka 200
Nakubwiye ngo umunsi Kagame yamenye gucura uruyovu rudoda imyenda cg igikwasi cyo guhandura amavunja yishe abanyarwanda uzamenye ko David himbara atari credible! !!!!!!!!!!!

Murphy to Rider.Which development? ??? 06/08/2016 05:20

Rider what development are you talking about?
Rwanda is one of the poorest countries in the world! !!!
The day kigali will be able to manufacture a sewing needle or a safety pin (igikwasi) that's when Rwanda will be in the position to boast about development! !!
By the time kigali will be able to process coton wool and gauzes used in hospital Rider will boast of credibility! !!!!!
The day Kinyarwanda will be used as the sole education language in tertiary education , rider will have something to be proud of!!!!!!!

Murphy to Rider.Which development? ??? 06/08/2016 05:20

Rider what development are you talking about?
Rwanda is one of the poorest countries in the world! !!!
The day kigali will be able to manufacture a sewing needle or a safety pin (igikwasi) that's when Rwanda will be in the position to boast about development! !!
By the time kigali will be able to process coton wool and gauzes used in hospital Rider will boast of credibility! !!!!!
The day Kinyarwanda will be used as the sole education language in tertiary education , rider will have something to be proud of!!!!!!!

Murphy to Rider 06/08/2016 05:10

Akazi kange ni ukunyomoza ababashyi n, abibone.
Icyo nzi cyo ni uko ubwenge bwawe ari nkubwange hano nyoko ntagaseke Mama!!!!!
Burya iyo Umugabo yise undi ikimyira ntabundi bwenge aba agukinze!!!!!

Murphy to Rider 06/08/2016 05:10

Akazi kange ni ukunyomoza ababashyi n, abibone.
Icyo nzi cyo ni uko ubwenge bwawe ari nkubwange hano nyoko ntagaseke Mama!!!!!
Burya iyo Umugabo yise undi ikimyira ntabundi bwenge aba agukinze!!!!!

Murphy to Rider 06/08/2016 05:10

Akazi kange ni ukunyomoza ababashyi n, abibone.
Icyo nzi cyo ni uko ubwenge bwawe ari nkubwange hano nyoko ntagaseke Mama!!!!!
Burya iyo Umugabo yise undi ikimyira ntabundi bwenge aba agukinze!!!!!

Murphy to Rider 06/08/2016 05:06

Rider
David Himbara niwe wari umujyanama wa President Paul Kagame mu by, ubukungu. urabyibuka? cgangwa wibera mumutara cg gishwati uragiye inka!!!!!!
Karya gasomo kagame ajya atanga muri Havard and London schools of economics ni David Himbara wskamwigishije!!!!!
Baza Undi muntu wese wemera niba ahari aremeza ibyo nvuze.

Murphy to Rider 06/08/2016 05:06

Rider
David Himbara niwe wari umujyanama wa President Paul Kagame mu by, ubukungu. urabyibuka? cgangwa wibera mumutara cg gishwati uragiye inka!!!!!!
Karya gasomo kagame ajya atanga muri Havard and London schools of economics ni David Himbara wskamwigishije!!!!!
Baza Undi muntu wese wemera niba ahari aremeza ibyo nvuze.

Murphy to Rider 06/08/2016 05:06

Rider
David Himbara niwe wari umujyanama wa President Paul Kagame mu by, ubukungu. urabyibuka? cgangwa wibera mumutara cg gishwati uragiye inka!!!!!!
Karya gasomo kagame ajya atanga muri Havard and London schools of economics ni David Himbara wskamwigishije!!!!!
Baza Undi muntu wese wemera niba ahari aremeza ibyo nvuze.

Murphy to Rider 06/08/2016 05:01

Rider
Wigishijwe ko usibye kagame na Nyiramongi nta wundi munyarwanda ufite credibility sibyo!!
IFM na World Bank bahaye Kaberuka credibility ariko Kagame yanze ko amusimbura kuko nta credibility afite!!!!

Murphy to Rider 06/08/2016 04:49

Rider,
Reka gupinga David Himbara niba nta credibility afite na so na nyoko ntayo bafite iyo bayigira bari kuguha uburere ntujye wita ababtu ibimyira!!!!!

Murphy to Rider 06/08/2016 04:49

Rider,
Reka gupinga David Himbara niba nta credibility afite na so na nyoko ntayo bafite iyo bayigira bari kuguha uburere ntujye wita ababtu ibimyira!!!!!

Thimoteo, Bis. 05/08/2016 21:27

Uyu mugabo Davide Himbara wanditse iyi nkuru azi gusetsa gusa . Nonese uwahaye ubutegetsi umuzunguzayi wamagi ikampala akamuha kuba presida wigihugu niwe utazi ibyo yakoze? Nicyo yashakaga kugeraho? Nonese hari ubwo mwigeze mwumva abazungu bagira ibipfubusa cg batanga inguzanyo batazi aho baziyishyura biturutse? Mugihe uwo bagujije atabishyuye? Uko kugiraneza ra! Batagirira abakene buzuye iwabo kumabara-bara batagira naho gukinga umusaya?

nimureke twivugire ikinyarwanda ururimi rwiwacu naho kwandika English ntacyo bihindura na kimwe kuri ba Rutuku. Byenda gusetsa, nabonye abazanye ama Degree's nama Diplome muri Amerika yavuye muri system ya English ariko byose bikarangira byitwa ngo bingana na Zero (0). Kuko bitigiwe muri amerika ubwo akazi kabo kakaba ako gukubura imihanda no gukoropa imisarane yo muri amerika bitaba ibyo bagapfa urwo umwanzi ashaka. Naho abize muri system ya France bo simbavuze urupfu rwabo reka ndekere aha. Indi byenda gusetsa, abatutsi barata amazuru yabo mu rwanda no muri afrika iyo bageze muri amerika barayarata? Ayo mazuru yabo aho ntarangirira mu rwanda bagera muri amerika bakitwa abanyafrika naba Black imbere yaba Rutuku? Yewe abatagera ibwami bahishwa byishi koko babivuze ukuri.

RIDER 05/08/2016 21:21

What Himbara says is obviously nothing but envy of undeniable development of Rwanda. Himbara did nothing to contribute to the success of Rwanda, all he does is just spreading street rumours, or criticise the good Rwandan leadership in which he failed to participate and provide his share to develop Rwanda. so Himbara you are not at all a credible personality to make yourself an FMI and World Bank advisor and tell them what to do, they don't need your erroneous research, they know very well what they do, all you need is to evaluate yourself not criticise what you failed to do.

RIDER NI INTELIGENT WUZUYE 05/08/2016 22:15

RIDER NTABWO ALI IBINGIRA, ATWERETSE KO NIKIZUNGU AKIZI PE! YIBAGIWE ALIKO GUTUKANA NKA BIHEHE! UZAHAKANA BYINSHI, UMUNTU UGIYE NO KUNYOMOZA HIMBARA- UBUTAHA UZANANYOMOZA KABERUKA.

Umuzunguzayi 05/08/2016 21:20

@Nkunzi
Komera mwa .
Kuvuga si ugusara .
Bagira amaso ntibabona.
Bagira amatwi ntibumva.
Bakumbuye agahini na songamane.

Ikibazo 05/08/2016 21:13

Abashoboye badusobanulire :
Umunsi mwiza w'umuganura.
Abagabo bo mu Rda ko perezida abakenyeza ingutiya n'imishanana ni ba homo. cg abo yakonnye nibo babyambika. Cg. ni uguterekera ba bami bahawe imishanana na rutuku ageze ino muri za 1990 . Murakoze kuduhugura .

INKIRABUHERI 08/08/2016 01:42

Wowe wiyita #Ikibazo# (uri nacyo koko!), URI INKIRABUHERI! Ororororoooo!!!!!!! Ndebera se ukuntu uje kwishongora hano ngo iwanyu mwamye muri abasilimu b' abazungu bambara imbutura n' amapantalo ra! BYAHE BYO KAJYA! Niko, tubwire : niba ukiri ikibondo, sogokuruza wawe yambaraga iki? Yacyambaraga ate niba atarambaraga UKURI GUSA GUSA NKA ZA MPUNYU ZO MURI RUGENDE RWA KABUGA NA MUYUMBU WA BICUMBI? Oya, yambaraga iki? Yacyambaraga ate mbere yo kwigira najyuwa? Ubwo rero urashaka twumvisha ko urusha ubugabo (ngo kuko "utakonwe" ra! Kandi buriya wasanga umugore wawe yirirwa ahigisha uruhindu IMBYEYI, RWAMO IVUMERA IMBYEYIKAZI ZIKANEZERWA, aka Nyirarunyonga kubera ko urushinge rwawe rwaryamye kera! Oh! Mon oeil!) abapadiri, abarabu n' abayisilamu, ab' i Kwalaloumpour muri Malaisie, abashinwa n' abayapani, abagabo bo muri Scottland n' abandi ntarondora ngo kuko bambara ibizibaho, inguyiya n' iikenyero!
UMUNTU NKA WE TUMWITA INKIRABUHERI!
Ese niba ubwenge bwawe buri ku gihe, ni kuki udahaguruka ngo wamagane nyoko na badhiki bawe biha gukwikira ipantalo, udukabutura ducimbuye, amashati na karuvati ndetse na kositimu kandi ari imyambaro y' abagabo!
KERETSE NIBA USHAKA KUTWUMVISHA KO BARAYE MU ISEKURU CYANGWA SE KO ARI UKO ARI IBISHEGABO!
IYI NDWARA TUYITA "GUKIRA UBUHERI"!
Naho wowe #Samy#, uvuga ngo ubugabo ubuheruka kwa Habrarimana ; iyo utaza kuba uri inkundarubyiniro ikurikira nk' intama bajyanye mu ibagiro rya Nyabugogo, ari kujya kukubaza akq kabazo, ukansubiza :
Ku gihe cya "Jenerali", muri wa mwanya yatubuzaga kwikorera no gukorera igihugu cyacu ngo tujye kumutaka ko ari umubyeyi muri "Animation ya muvoma", wajyagayo wambaye iki? Gute?
IYO SE HABAGA HARI IRUSHANWA, MWASERUKAGA MUKENYEYE MUTE? MWITEYE UMUSHANANA GUTE?
NKU! ICYO HIHE NTIWASHOBORAGA GUKOPFORA NGO WAMAGANE HABYARA KO AGUKENYEZA, AKAGUTEZA UMUSHANANA NONE UHIMBAYE KINANI AMAZE KWIGIIRA, UJE HANO KUTWISHONGORANAHO UBUJIJI N' UBUJUJU BURENZE UKWEMERA ; MON OEIL!
#Ikibazo# na #Samy#, na bo bazungu mwirirwa mukoropera imisarane, ntimubazi, ntibabazi! Mumaze guhaga ka SMIG abaha none muje kwitera hejuru nk' akaguru kambaye ubusa, ngo aha muri za bagabo zitakonwe ; mon oeil!
NIBA MUTARI MUBIZI, MUBIMENYE, MURI INKIRABUHERI, ISERU N' UBUSHITA ; GUSA! GUSA!

Samy 06/08/2016 00:41

uracyabaza? Reka da! bariya bose ubona ukibaza ko ari abagabo? Oya da! nibikone gusaaaa!!!! basigaye banyara bicaye ni abagore buzuye. ntabugabo namba bakigira. ibyubugabo byarangiranye na Habyara. naho kungoma ya techniques.com nibikone gusa. kandi wibuke ko kuriyi ngoma yumuzunguzayi wamagi ikampala bubahiriza Shitani cyane bagomba guterekera namagini rugeretse.

nkunzi 05/08/2016 20:54

Ngaho daa! Ngo FDLR nimene imitwe CNRD kugera iyigejeje i Mutobo! Kandi abo bose bari kwicana ni abahutu basangiye akabisi n'agahiye! Rahira ko iyo Kagame adafata igihugu mu maguru mashya interahamwe zitari kumara abahutu bagashira! Ubuse hari aho ziduhishe? Ubuse hagati ya Byiringiro na Kagame ni nde uzatanga undi igikombe cy'ubwicanyi? Ni ukumirwa gusa!!

Dollars.com equal technique.com 05/08/2016 20:50

Reka nivugire kuri iyi photo iri hejuru yanditse kuri iyi article kuko numvise ko hari abadasoma commentaire twandika. Iyi photo muyibona gute? Utwo twana duhagaze iruhande rwako kazu kubatse iruhande rwa Kigali Convetion Centre mubona tutarateye imbere? Mubona tutarageze kuri Technique.com 100%? Nonese ako kazu ra! mukabona gute? Utwo twana se! mutubona gute?
Ngo ntimusoma comrntaire zabantu reka ndekere aha da!

ABADASOMA 05/08/2016 21:20

UMBAYE KURE. TUZAGENDERA KURUNYWA GUSA? UDASOMA AKAGENDERA KUBYO YUMVISE NTAHO ATANIYE NA KATUMBA-NGEZE NA RIDER UHORA YITOTOMBA KULI INO SITE

FDLR na CNRD bakomeje kumarana muti Congo 05/08/2016 18:15

Amakuru aturuka muri Kivu y'amajyaruguru si meza na gato. Kuri uyu munsi wo kuwa gatanu taliki ya 5/08/2016 abarwanyi ba FDLR ya Byiringiro bagabye igitero gikomeye ku mutwe wa CNRD uyobowe na Irategeka! Umunsi wose waranzwe n'utusaku rw'amasasu kandi na nubu aracyavuga! Umenya Paul Kagame abonye umuti ndakuka wo ku murimburira impunzi z'abahutu zamucitse! Birakomeye kuburyo bisaba imbaraga nyinshi abantu banyuranye bashobora kunga impande zombi !zishyamiranye!

Friday 05/08/2016 19:16

FDLR mukomere ntwari, izo mbwa muzimene imitwe. muzihashye mpaka imutobo cg muri Kivu CNRD-ibivume ishirire muri kivu ntawe urokotse. imisega ya CNRD-iratemagura Wilson muyimene imitwe.

FDLR-abacungunzi mukomere ntwari. ntawe utatira igihango ngo bimuhire. CNRD-ibivume.

Inkuru 05/08/2016 17:18

Hari uwanditse hano hasi ngo veritas ngo izanye iyi nkuru gute kandi hari uyitanze muri commentaire! Ndamusetse cyane, commentaire ntabwo ari inkuru, hari n'abantu badasoma izo commentaires kuko ziba zirimo ibitutsi byinshi, ikindi kandi ni uko iyo inkuru yanditswe ku rubuga nk'uru iba ihindutse référence igihe cyose uyikeneye ukayibona kandi ukaba wayirangira undi wese uyishaka! Ibi rwose veritas akoze ni byiza cyane kuko ntawe ubwira undi ngo jya kureba amakuru kuri commentaires, mu buryo bwa gihanga veritas ihaye agaciro gakomeye iyi nkuru (officialisé).

URAMUSHUBIJE PE! 05/08/2016 17:47

Ndamusetse cyane, commentaire ntabwo ari inkuru,...............????

n'abantu badasoma izo commentaires kuko ziba zirimo ibitutsi byinshi,?????
TURAVA HE TURAJYA HE? EJO RERO DUSEKE IBINGIRA NGO NTAZI GUSOMA!

Kamali 05/08/2016 17:02

uyu mugabo ariko Kagome yamwikuyeho ate ko azamukoza isoni, amwereka ko batiganye amusumbya ubwenge kure, undi icyo azi nukurimbura inzirakarengane gusa no kubeshya; Dr komereza aho, ibyo uvuga hari abatabizi, byibura bijye byereka ukuri kukuntu system ikora kandi ari the most corrupt system in history...in our history, you will go down as a great patriotic scholar, ureke abirirwa bandika amateshwa basingiza amafuti ya kigali nabo babizi!