Burundi: Akanama gashinzwe amahoro n’umutekano muri UA kafashe icyemezo cyo kohereza ingabo i Bujumbura

Publié le par veritas

Akanama gashinzwe umutekano n’amahoro (CPS) k’umuryango w’ubumwe bw’Afurika (UA) kafashe icyemezo cyo kohereza umutwe w’ingabo ugizwe n’ingabo zitanzwe n’ibihugu by’Afurika mu Burundi. Uwo mutwe w’ingabo ukaba ufite inshingano zo kurinda umutekano w’abasivili i Bujumbura. Icyi cyemezo kikaba kigaragaje indi ntera ikomeye umuryango w’ubumwe bw’Afurika ndetse n’umuryango mpuzamahangaa bigaragaje mugushyira igitutu ku kubuyobozi bw’igihugu cy’u Burundi.
 
Kohereza uwo mutwe w’ingabo i Burundi bigomba kubanza kwemerwa na leta  y’u Burundi n’ubwo bigaragara ko itazabyemera cyangwa se bikemerwa n’abakuru b’ibihugu b’umuryango w’ubumwe bw’Afurika (UA) nk’uko byemejwe numwe mubakozi bakuru b’uwo muryango. Uwo mukozi mukuru wa UA Bwana Bonaventure Cakpo Guebegde yabwiye umunyamakuru w’ibiro ntaramakuru by’abafaransa AFP, aribyo « veritasinfo » ikesha iyi nkuru ko «akanama gashinzwe umutekano n’amahoro kafashe icyemezo ejo kuwa kane taliki ya 17 Ukuboza 2015 cyo kohereza ingabo mu Burundi zo kubungabunga umutekano w’abasivili » ; Bwana Bonaventure Cakpo Guebegde  watangaje ayo makuru akaba ari umuyobozi mukuru w’ishami rya UA rishinzwe umutekano n’amahoro y’akarere k’Afurika kagizwe n’ibihugu by’ u Burundi na Congo zombi. Uwo muyobozi akaba yavuze ko umubare w’ingabo zizohereza mu Burundi utaramenyekana.
 
Bwana Bonaventure Cakpo Guebegde  yagize ati : « Ubu dufite uburyo bubiri bushoboka : ubwa mbere ni uko dushobora kohereza uwo mutwe w’ingabo tubyumvikanyeho na leta y’u Burundi. Uburyo bwa kabiri ni uko tugomba gutegereza ko abakuru b’ibihugu by’Afurika bumvikana kuri icyo cyemezo, ibyo bikaba bisaba ko nibura 2/3 by’umubare w’abo bakuru b’ibyo bihugu bemera ko icyo cyemezo gishyirwa mu bikorwa. Ariko twe icyo twifuza cyane ni uko leta y’u Burundi ariyo yakwemera ko izo ngabo zoherezwa mu Burundi ». Biragaragara ko bigoye ko abategetsi b’u Burundi bazemera ko izo ngabo zijya mu gihugu cyabo cyane ko abo bategetsi bamaze iminsi bamagana ukwivanga k’umuryango mpuzamahanga mu gushakira umuti ikibazo cya pilitiki kimaze amezi 8 mu Burundi ; kwemera ko uwo muryango wohereza ingabo i Burundi bikaba biri kure cyane !
 
«Umuvugizi wa leta y’u Burundi asanga akanama gashinzwe amahoro n’umutekano k’Afurika (CPS) kagomba kohereza ahubwo abapererezi mu Rwanda kuko abahungabanya amahoro n’umutekano mu Burundi ariho bava» Ibi bikaba byavuzwe na Bwana Karerwa Ndenzako umuvugizi wungirije wa perezida w’u Burundi Pierre Nkurunziza wabyanditse ku rukuta rwe rwa « twitter ». Abategetsi b’i Bujumbura bamaze amezi menshi berekana ibimenyetso bishinja u Rwanda gucumbikira no gutoza inyeshyamba ziyemeje kugaba ibitero bya gisilikare ku gihugu cy’u Burundi ; izo nyeshyamba zikaba ziyobowe na bamwe mubashatse guhirika leta y’u Burundi ku mataliki ya 13 n’iya 13 Gicurasi uyu mwaka kandi nabo bakaba bacumbikiwe n’igihugu cy’u Rwanda !
 
Ingabo zigomba koherezwa mu Burundi zizava mu mutwe w’ingabo z’ibihugu by’Afurika y’iburasirazuba wateguriwe gutabara aho rukomeye (EASF), uwo mutwe ukaba ubarirwa muri imwe mu mitwe y’ingabo z’Afurika zateguriwe gutabara (FAA : Force Africaine en Attente) nkuko byatangajwe na  Bonaventure Cakpo Guebegde. Ibihugu 10 akaba aribyo byoheza ingabo zabyo muri uwo mutwe wa EASF aribyo : Uburundi, Ibirwa bya Comores, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, u Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalie na Soudan. Mu kwezi k’Ugushyingo umuryango w’abibumbye nawo washyize ahagaragara igitekerezo cyo kohereza ingabo mu Burundi ariko ukohereza igice kimwe k’ingabo zawo ziri mu Burasirazuba bwa Congo arizo « monusco » mu gihe umutekano wakomeza kuba mubi i Bujumbura.
 
 
AFP

Commenter cet article

Hermes 23/12/2015 09:35

Ingabo zokoherezwa i Burundi zishobora kugira ingorane igihe zishoye ku nguvu zabo.None ko tuzi neza umuryango w'Africa atamafranga bafise,uwopfira i Burundi ninde yo muriha ?Ikindi n'uko Abasoda ba Babarundi atarabo guta munda nsa.Burya rero abarundi nabo kwitondera kuko ni bamayeri.Ahubwo abafasha nibaje mu Rwanda kuraba abagira formation za gisoda mw'ishamba rya KINIGI-Ruhengeri ahegeranye nurubibe rwa CONGO.Harimwo abanyarwanda 1200 n'impunzi z'Abarundi 300 gusa .Bose hamwe ni1500 bigishwa igisoda n'ingabo z'Urwanda.Kabarebe arakunda kujyayo hamwe n'abasoda bakuru bananiwe Coup d'Etat ya Nkurunziza le 13/05/2015.

freedom 20/12/2015 14:07

mbaje gushimira ku bantu batugezaho aya makuru.Imana ikomez kubarinda!ingingo nyamukuru n'iyi [ese ibyo bihugu vy'ubumwe bw'afurika bwabonyeko mu Burundi hariho intambara yabimeze nka Genocide yakorewe abanyadwanda n'umwicanyi kagome ngo ni kagame(sazi)! Mbega nkivyo bihugu bi 3 sudan,Rwanda,somalia birarungika ingabo ziki kombona niwabo umutekano wabananiye!?Urwanda gwo ntiruhirahire ni rwo rutera akavuyo mu bdi!musirikare mu pfasoni,mushingantahe na mwe gwaruka baba rundi nimuzitire mutaronerwa!izongabo zidahonyora mugahugu kacu.nta credit tubafitiye!nibamenye ibyabo bareke ivy'iburundi.Umukuru wigihugu meramagabo nka sokuruza

Mbonyingabo 20/12/2015 12:56

Barundi bavandimwe muramenye, mutazagwa mumutego wumwanzi ngo mwemere yuko izongabo zibinjirara mugihugu. Muzarwanire nabo kumipaka kugeza mubatsinze, buriya babonye abarwanya ubutegetsi mwabatsinze nintwaro zabo mwazifashe. Ubwo barashaka uko bagemurira izo nyeshyamba izindi intwaro.

Munyarukato 19/12/2015 18:47

Komisiyo y’Amatora yatangaje by’agateganyo ko 98.3% batoreye ko Itegeko Nshinga rivugururwa.

Komisiyo y’igihugu y’amatora (NEC), kuri uyu wa Gatandatu tariki 19 Ukuboza ,yatangaje ibyavuye mu matora ya referandumu by’agateganyo mu turere twose 30 tugize igihugu ,aho abatoye Yego bemeza guhindura itegeko nshinga rya Repubulika y’u Rwanda bangana na 98.3% ,naho 1.7% batoye Oya ,bemeza ko ritahinduka.
Mu bantu bagera kuri 6 392 867 bari biyandikishije kuri lisiti y’itora , abagera kuri 6 285 353 nibo batoye. 99.6% by’abatoye babikoze neza.

Umuyobozi wa Komisiyo y’Igihugu y’Amatora, Charles Munyaneza, yagaragaje ko abagera kuri 6 155 606 bemeye impinduka z’Itegeko Nshinga ku kigero cya 98.3% ,naho abagera ku 100 863 bangana na 1.7% bahakanye ko rihinduka.

Aya matora yakorewe ku masite 2288 ,Komisiyo y’Igihugu y’Amatora ivuga ko ibyayavuyemo bihuye n’ibyifuzo by’Abanyarwanda.

Uko amajwi y’agateganyo ameze mu turere dutandukanye

- Akarere ka Bugesera abatoye Yego ni 99.1% naho abatoye Oya ni 0.9%
- Akarere ka Burera abatoye Yego ni 98.2% ,naho abatoye Oya ni 1.8%
- Akarere ka Gakenke abatoye Yego ni 99.9% ,naho abatoye Oya ni 0.1%
- Akarere ka Gasabo abatoye Yego ni 98% ,naho abatoye Oya ni 2%
- Akarere ka Gatsibo abatoye Yego ni 98.3% ,naho abatoye Oya ni 1.7%
- Akarere ka Gicumbi abatoye Yego ni 98.5% ,naho abatoye Oya ni 1.5%
- Akarere ka Gisagara abatoye Yego ni 98.7% ,naho abatoye Oya ni 1.3%
- Akarere ka Huye abatoye Yego ni 98.2% ,naho abatoye Oya ni 1.8%
- Akarere ka Kamonyi abatoye Yego ni 98.9% ,naho abatoye Oya ni 1.1%
- Akarere ka Karongi abatoye Yego ni 98.6% ,naho abatoye Oya ni 1.4%
- Akarere ka Kayonza abatoye Yego ni 99.2% ,naho abatoye Oya ni 0.8%
- Akarere ka Kicukiro abatoye Yego ni 95.9% ,naho abatoye Oya ni 4.1%
- Akarere ka Kirehe abatoye Yego ni 98.6% ,naho abatoye Oya ni 1.4%
- Akarere ka Muhanga abatoye Yego ni 97.7% ,naho abatoye Oya ni 2.3%
- Akarere ka Musanze abatoye Yego ni 98.9% ,naho abatoye Oya ni 1.1%
- Akarere ka Ngororero abatoye Yego ni 98.2% ,naho abatoye Oya ni 1.8%
- Akarere ka Ngoma abatoye Yego ni 98.9% ,naho abatoye Oya ni 1.1%
- Akarere ka Nyabihu abatoye Yego ni 98.4% ,naho abatoye Oya ni 1.6%
- Akarere ka Nyagatare abatoye Yego ni 98.5% ,naho abatoye Oya ni 1.5%
- Akarere ka Nyamagabe abatoye Yego ni 97.5% ,naho abatoye Oya ni 2.5%
- Akarere ka Nyamasheke abatoye Yego ni 98.0% ,naho abatoye Oya ni 2.0%
- Akarere ka Nyarugenge abatoye Yego ni 93.8% ,naho abatoye Oya ni 6.2%
- Akarere ka Nyaruguru abatoye Yego ni 98.8% ,naho abatoye Oya ni 1.2%
- Akarere ka Nyanza abatoye Yego ni 98.1% ,naho abatoye Oya ni 1.9%
- Akarere ka Rubavu abatoye Yego ni 98.6% ,naho abatoye Oya ni 1.4%
- Akarere ka Ruhango abatoye Yego ni 98.6% ,naho abatoye Oya ni 1.4%
- Akarere ka Rulindo abatoye Yego ni 97.5%, naho abatoye Oya ni 2.5%
- Akarere ka Rusizi abatoye Yego ni 98.5% ,naho abatoye Oya ni 1.5%
- Akarere ka Rutsiro abatoye Yego ni 97.9% ,naho abatoye Oya ni 2.1%
- Akarere ka Rwamagana abatoye Yego ni 99.2 ,naho abatoye Oya ni 0.8%

Muri rusange ,ibyavuye mu matora ya referandumu by’agateganyo ,birerekana ko akarere ka Gakenke kahize utundi gutora Yego ku kigero cya 99.9% ,gakurikirwa n’Uturere twa Kayonza na Rwamagana twatoye Yego ku kigero cya 99.2%.

Akarere ka Nyarugenge niko kagaragayemo abantu bake batoye Yego ,ku kigero cya 93.8% ,na benshi batoye Oya ku kigero cya 6.2% ,gakurikirwa na Kicukiro yatoye Yego ku kigero cya 95.6%.

Mu mahanga

Abanyarwanda baba mu mahanga (Diaspora ) , bitabiriye igikorwa cy’amatora ya Referandumu kuwa 17 Ukuboza 2015. Muri rusange batoye Yego ku kigero cya 98.7% naho abatoye Oya ni 1.3%.

Komisiyo y’igihugu y’amatora ivuga ko muri rusange aya matora yakurikiranywe n’indorerezi zigera kuri 620 ,kandi yagenze neza uretse utubazo twagaragaye hamwe na hamwe nko kugeza ibikoresho kuri biro by’amatora byatinze, abatariyimuje kuri lisiti z’itora , no kuba uturere tumwe na tumwe twaratinze gutangaza ibyavuye mu matora bigatuma igihe byari gutangarizwa kiyongera.

Ibyavuye mu matora ya Referendumu mu buryo ntakuka bizatangazwa ku wa Mbere tariki 21 Ukuboza 2015.

Gatindi 19/12/2015 18:22

Umva, gatindi kagome naba perezida nyuma ya 2017 nanjye nziyahura.

muvandimwe 19/12/2015 13:41

Votre commentaire
Abayobozi buburundi bitonde batabagusha mumutego wa genocide nkuko mu Rda byatugendekeye tugahekurwa nabo Minuar yazanaga muri CND ngo ninkwi bapakiye! kagame na America bafite inyungu nyinshi mugupfa kwa Barundi ngirango mwabonyeko klinton ariguha kagame plan! murajya guhagarika intambara ahandi iyiwanyu niyo izabananira cyakora abazungu batubona nkindogobe pe! Muzabyanjye maze bafate ibyo bihano byabo! Ngo museveni numuhuza yabanje agatanga urugero rwa democratie akabona kunga abandi se!

Sabushimike 19/12/2015 13:34

@ Rukemanganizi,

Sasa niba mufise ubwoba murondera ik ku burundi? None mwihenda ko abarundi aribo bazoba iciraro co kubagwaniriza Kagame? Muragaba abarundi tuzi umwansi wacu nurya nyene arasa amasase ku miyabaga yo beneburundi,urya nyene agomba kurongora abarundi ku ngufu. Hagarara gushengeza abarundi no kuducanishamwo kuko twe dufatanye munda.
Muragabe kutuzanira iryo honyabwoko ry'iwanyu twe tugomba dutore inyishu ikwiye ku gihugu cacu,ataraho naho Nkurunziza mugomba mumujane iwanyu.

muvandimwe 19/12/2015 13:21

Votre commentaire
Abayobozi buburundi bitonde batabagusha mumutego wa genocide nkuko mu Rda byatugendekeye tugahekurwa nabo Minuar yazanaga muri CND ngo ninkwi bapakiye! kagame na America bafite inyungu nyinshi mugupfa kwa Barundi ngirango mwabonyeko klinton ariguha kagame plan! murajya guhagarika intambara ahandi iyiwanyu niyo izabananira cyakora abazungu batubona nkindogobe pe! Muzabyanjye maze bafate ibyo bihano byabo! Ngo museveni numuhuza yabanje agatanga urugero rwa democratie akabona kunga abandi se!

Munyarukato 19/12/2015 13:20

Cyakora wa mugani wa Kaka ndabona abahutu bo mu Rwanda tubabaje pe! Kubona twemera ko inyenzi zitwogeraho ubulimiro kaliya kageni ntihagire n'umwe ukopfora koko!

Amaherezo ndabona tuzitabaza abahutu bi Burundi baze badutabare ingoyi yizi nyenzi nta kundi.

Aliko niho hahandi hazo tu, umunsi abahutu bo mu rwanda bazahaguruka igihu kizabyara igihunyira, ubushalire bw'akaga bamazemo imyaka 21 yose buzagera ku nyenzi zose aho zili n'ibigolyi byabahutu byose byirirwa bizikomba munnyo.

Aliko ubwo bushalire bugomba kuzahera kuri shefu wazo Rutindi Rukarabankaba Rwabujindili Ngegera Ruzingo Gisahiranda Twinyo Rushofeli Gafuni Kagufwa Ndayimanga Nkirabuheri Vampaya Kandoyi Rushinyika Kanywamaraso Ruzagayura Rubebe Rupfu Ngoto Pilato ari we umwicanyi Ruharwa Pawulo Kagome!!!!

Nyuma y'imyaka 21 ku butegetsi inyenzi aho gusirimuka ngo zicye zige kuba mu bantu, ahubwo ubunyeshyamba n'ubutindi byazo byikubye incuro 21. Ni akumiro!

Munyarukato

rukemanganizi 19/12/2015 12:24

SABUSHIMIKE MURUNDI URAKOZE CYANE KUBWIZA ABANYARWANDA UKURI NAJYENDIWE TWARAYE DUTOYE KAGAME 100% TUTABIKUYE KUMUTIMA ARAKUGIRANGO IMINSI IBIGENDA UTOYE OYA BAKAGUFATA NYUMAYIMINSI MIKE UBURIRWA IRENGEO ABANYARWANDA TWIRIRWA TUVUGA KURI COMPIYUTERI ARIKO NTITUGARAGARA NGO TWAMAGANE KUMUGARAGARO DUKORA BUFUKO DUFIYE UBWOBO BUDASHIRA.

Kaka 19/12/2015 08:28

ikibanzo kiburundi bakibarekerebirafaragarako kagame ariwe uteza ibibanzo iburundi kuki ababamuhungiyeho andashobora kubohereza mugihungucyabo ngo leta yiburundi ibakanireurubakwiye?kuki kagame yirirwa avugango hari ibihungubicumbikiye abicyanyi akarengaagacyumbikira abashatsekwica Nkurunziza?abarundibahagurukaneigumfuzosebafite tujyekubishakira murwanda kungufu ko kagame ntamuntu umushakamugihungucyurwanda nukwirirwa atekinika gusa ntakindi

cobra 19/12/2015 06:13

abanyarwanda bazajya muri zi ngabo bazitwaze coffins zihagije zokugaruciramwo

Sabushimike 18/12/2015 22:04

Basha, abanyagwanda murateye ikigongwe umengo ntimuzi icibazo mufise.
Mbega muzoreka kubabayika ryari? Nta nisoni Kagame yatoresheje référendum imuha droit au pouvoir jusqu'à 2034 namwebwe muravugira za buraya na america, ata manifestations mwakoze iwanyu, mukirigwa murashengeza abarundi?
Mbe icibazo c'umurundi nico cobababaje kurusha icanyu?
Murateye amakenga n'ubwo bwoba bwanyu, ngira naho novuga ububwa sinoba nihenze murundi.
Mwe muririgwa mu majambo atagira sens ho guhaguruka ngo mugwanire droit yiwanyu muraraba ibitabaraba!!
Murateye isoni, umengo muri abana na Kagame azokore ico agomba kubera mko waoga sana yako Kagame abite amashetani.
Puuuu!!!

jk 19/12/2015 01:51

Bimbwirire, wenda wowe byakumva. Pu!

ABARUNDI BAFITE UKULI 18/12/2015 19:55

UBURUNDI BUFITE UKULI KULI KINO KIBAZO RWOSE. AHO KOHEREZA ABAJYA KUZIMYA UMULIRO IWABO, NIBA BOHEREZE KUJYA GUHAGALIKA ABENYEGEZA INKWI MU MULIRO.
NIBA BYANZE BAREKE ABARUNDI BAJYE KUBISHAKIRA.
NKRUNZIZA NA LETA TUGUTUYE RUREMA, IBALINDE LOUIS MICHEL NA SHEBUJA KAGAME.

iyakaremye 19/12/2015 14:02

sabushimike muvandimwe ugomba kuba utazi Umwanzi wa Abanyafurika Uwariwe cyane cyane Umwanzi Abahutu. Muri make ntabwo Abazungu bifuza nabusa democratieinyuze mumatora adafifitse mu karere kacyu. Impavu nyamukuru ibibatera ni uko amahoro aramutse abonetse Abahutu bategeka muri kariya karere ubutunzi bwose bwa bucyunzwe neza bityo Abo bazungu bakabubona banyuze munzira yu ukuri. ikindi niko babonako kubona kurwanira isoko ni ibindi bihugu bikomeye nka China, Russi byabagora. Bamaze kwitegereza no kwiga imitere ya abaturage batuye kariya karere basanze badashobora gukorana na Abahutu kuko kamere yabo itabamo kwica nu ubundi bugizi bwa nabi. fata URUGERO Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbambwe ni bindi bihugu bitegekwa na les Bantou ubigereranye Nu Urwanda, Uganda, Somaria, nahandi hose hategekwa na abanilotique. Kuvugako Abahutu bi Irwanda ari ibigwari ni ukutareba kure kandi ngo umenye urubategereje mu Burundi. Abazungu bamaze gufata Plan yo kwimika Abatutsi ku ngufu bahindura Abahutu bi Iburundi abaicanyi maze nabo babapyinagaze nkuko abi Rwanda bimeze. Niba ufite ubwoko butekereza wa hyishoza ukibaza impamvu kugeza ikigihe nta muzungu wigwze avuga ku ihonya bwoko ryakozwe na Micombero za 72,kuki utibaza impamvu ntawe urabaza ibyu urupfu Rwa Ndadaye, Ntaryamira Avec les etudiants burundais babaye massacre mubihe byashyize? wigeze wumva aho ONU ivuga kurupfu Rwa Habyara? NONESE Utekerezako Museveni ategeka neza kurushya Nkurunziza? hArya Museveni amaze imyaka ingahe ku butegetsi? nonese urumva ariww ukwiye kuza kwigisha democratie mu Burndi? Ese waba warahunze ngo urebeko Abo bazungu bafatanije nabakozi babo bishye impunziza abahutu nabasa nabo bafshijwe na ONU? Waba warigeze ubona cg se wumva mu mateka aho Umuntu afata icyemezo cyo kwica abantu bari mu cambi barenga 8000 kandi abo bazungu ntibagire icyo bafasha? nonese wasobanura ute ko umuntu yaterwa yakwitabara bakamwita umwicanyi ahubwo bgsabako umwica aza kumurinda? ese wabawaramenye uburyo inkotanyi zinjijwe ni ibikoresho byazo ikigali muri CND? bahutu bi Iburundi nubwo mwabaye Abagabo nti mugwe muri uwo mutego wa abazungu nabambari babo aho mwagiye mutwikwa kumanywa yi ihangu nti mwimbwireko byarangiye? Isi iyo bowe na Satani kandi ni mudashyishoza mwebwe nazabakomokaho bose mugiye guhabwa izina ry abicanyi( imbonerakure) ibihe byanyu byose.nti mukwiye kureba Abo batutsi banyarucyari ngo mugirire nabi mujye mubitaza kuko benewabo badatinya kugira bamwe ibitambo ngo babone ubutegetsi kuko niko Satani akora. Musabwe kujya mumihanda ni imbaraga zanyu zose mukarwanya abo bakozi ba abazungu bajye kubahindura ruharwa. Mu RWANE Nabo kuko izo ngabo niziramuka zijye akanyu kazabakarangiye. Abo Bahutu bi Rwanda mwita ibigwari muzasobanukirwa mugeze kuri iyo page nyamara muracyafite amahirwe yo kwirwanaho. Mwegukangwa nubwo busa abo bazungu babashukisha ngo ni imfashanyo. ni mukore mushyizeho umwwte mutungwe na amaboko yanyu. Ndazi nezako Iyo Bamwe mu Bahutu bize bose bumva ko bagomba kuba ba Prezida, bityo kubera inzika irimo nu ubujiji si ukumarana bagsizora ndetse bakemera no gukorana nabanzi bi imryango yabo ngo bari kwihimura. Mwabonye mwese abafashije Kagame uburyo yabamaze atoragura umwe umwe na basigaye bakaba barabaye nka abasazi. Muzumve indirimbo za Bikindi ni impanuro zazo mutekereze aho ari nuwahamushyize! Aho guhohotera Umututsi wu umururage murebe ibyo bigoryi nka baya Rufikiri ni bindi bisanawe.Nongere mbibutseko mugeraniwe iki nticyari igihe cyo kwifumbata mwibwirako Governement yanyu ibibabereyemo mwitsuye mwes muhaguruke ni mbara zose mubuze abo bazungu kuvogera igihugu cyanyu. Abasirikare barinde imbibe zi igihugu namwe mujye mu mihanda mubuze Satani kwinjira mu gihugu cyanyu.'Umnika agati wicaye wajya ku kumanura ugahagarara" ni mwunvishe bene wanyu ba Tanzania Umwanzi uwariwe ni imigambi afitiye akarere. Mugiye guterwa ni ingabo na Abanilotike bifuza kurimbura les bantou bafatanije nabo bazungu mwibuke ko mwizo ngabo harimo iza Uganda, Urwanda, Ethiyopia, Kenya Abo murwa bya shelles , niba mutekerza mumenye imigambi yabo. Nongere mbasabe nti muhohotere Abatutsi basanzwe kuko nabo batanzwe ibitambo nabenewabo mu barinde kugirango benewabo batabicya bakajyana imirambo ku muhanga gufungura ya amashopu yabo ya genocide. ariko izo ngabo ni zinjira muzazirwanye mufatanije ni ingabo zanyuufite ibuye iyo azabona azyimene agahanga, nti mukagire servise nimwe mubaha. Ni bwirire Abatutsi ko Isi turimo Ari uMUBUMBE KANDI KO TWESE DUKOMOKA KU uMUGABO umwe ariwe Adamu mwirinde ubwibone bubatera kumvako muri abantu badasanzwe mucye mugufi mwemere kubana nabandi mwirinde kuba ibikoresho bya agatsiko gato gashyaka kubira ikraro cyo kwiyuzuza umutungo. uko byamera kose tuzabana kandi tuzubuhana. abwirwa menshi akumva beneyo.

KAGAME IN BURUNDI? 18/12/2015 17:17

African Great Lakes Sliding Into Chaos and Human Tragedy: Burundi, then Rwanda?






Burundian Pierre Nkurunziza and Rwandan Paul Kagame in "soccer buddies" days
Burundian Pierre Nkurunziza and Rwandan Paul Kagame in "soccer buddies" days






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The small and impoverished country of Burundi, located in the heart of African Great Lakes Region, is slowly and steadily sliding into the chaos and human tragedy, with unpredictable consequences. unknown/abyss but Rwanda, another small impoverished country to the North may not be far behind.

Recent news coming from the landlocked country of Burundi have been alarming to say the least. Few days ago there were media reports of insurgents coordinated attacks against three main military compounds in the Capital City of Bujumbura. Score of assailants were killed. Based on official accounts, 87 people, including 9 from the Burundian security forces were killed in the attacks. However, several sources in Bujumbura affirm that hundreds of people, including insurgents, civilians and government soldiers were killed, just in one day. A few days earlier,

the Burundian Army Chief of Staff had survived an ambush in a broad daylight, barely escaping the assassination attempt, unhurt. Some of his bodyguards were killed during the ambush.

Faced with the deteriorating situation, several Western countries, including the United States and Belgium, have advised their citizens to leave the country immediately. all together the country. The European Union has reduced the number of its diplomatic staff.

Who is fueling the instability and chaos in Burundi?

Based on reliable information from Rwandan General Paul Kagame's inner circle, Rwandan top political and and security services leaders have planning several scenarios for some time. The most likely scenario was approved by General Paul Kagame, following the recommendation from his top advisers and put in motion by Rwandan presidential security advisers.

As it has been reported by one of AfroAmerica Network regional correspondents, Rwandan military operatives have been recruiting, training, and arming Burundian refugees. Among the new recruits are child soldiers ,men and women who are forcefully enrolled into the rag-tag units of rebels. Any refusal or hesitation leads to violent abuse and torture, even death. In addition, several eye witnesses in and around Bujumbura and in some rural provinces close to Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), confirm that Rwandan forces have been operating in Burundi for quite some time. Hence, the recent attacks of the barracks in Bujumbura appeared not surprising for many in Bujumbura.

According to our sources, the objectives of the assailants were several folds: initially they were to take control of the three barracks and wait for reinforcements coming from either the elements newly trained by the Rwandan military or Rwandan forces that have already infiltrated the country. After this first step, these elements were to try to overrun the International Airport of Bujumbura, the Presidential Palace or Office and any other strategic institutions in Bujumbura.

The bulk of the assailants trained by General Paul Kagame's army have been lately transiting with arms and ammunitions through Uvira in South Kivu (DRC), which offers the benefit of proximity with Bujumbura. The operation is coordinated by Paul Kagame himself, his Minister of Defense, the Rwandan Defense Forces Chief of Staff while the day-to-day decisions are taken by General Alex Kagame (no known relationship with Rwandan dictator General Paul Kagame), Commander of the Southern Region while the officers who are coordinating the operations on the ground are Lt. Col. Gakwerere and Lt Col. Matunga.

What is in for the Rwandan General Paul Kagame?

Rwandan dictator General Paul Kagame and Pierre Nkurunziza used to play soccer together. They were once called: "presidential soccer buddies". Being his elder, General Paul Kagame was viewed by Pierre Nkurunziza as his "God Father", according to Pierre Nkurunziza's former aides. However, since early this year, the Rwandan dictator has shown an overt disdain towards Pierre Nkurunziza, privately referring to him as a "moron".

According to our sources, Paul Kagame has sought to use Pierre Nkurunziza as test for his own ambitions to cling to power by changing the Rwandan constitution. However, Pierre Nkurunziza's ambitions did not turn as expected, when thousands of refugees started pouring into Rwanda. That led Paul Kagame to question the intelligence of Pierre Nkurunziza, and to adopt another strategy to cover up his own ambitions.

He has indicated to his closest aids that the best strategy is the offensive. In one of his recent meetings, he highlighted his preferred modus operandi of prioritizing offensive over cautious steps. He told the all-ears audience to "Never wait to get struck; if you're in doubt strike first and deal with the consequences later".

He explained that creating chaos in Burundi would serve two objectives:
•first, giving his "moron" friend a lesson after advising him to bid for the controversial third term,
•second, deflecting the attention away from himself and his cronies especially after the public statements from the US and the EU officials, condemning the attempts by General Paul Kagame to run for a third term in 2017.

In addition, there are yet to be verified accounts of General Paul Kagame's instructions and huge sums of money to his diplomatic representatives to lobby local governments and law makers in order to reverse recent public statements by the US and EU officials.

Meanwhile with the upcoming referendum, General Paul Kagame, his local and national government officials and his security services have been actively running a sustained campaigns of terror in villages and towns across Rwanda, threatening civilians of dire consequences if they do not support the constitutional change to allow Paul Kagame to remain in power.

Although the outcome is determined in advance, the Rwandan Government has decided to go ahead with the Referendum mainly for the consumption of international community and to help in the lobbying efforts. Officially, General Paul Kagame has not stated his intentions, keeping the West guessing while at the same time showing clear signs of his intentions to cling to power.

KAGAME IN BURUNDI? 18/12/2015 17:17

African Great Lakes Sliding Into Chaos and Human Tragedy: Burundi, then Rwanda?






Burundian Pierre Nkurunziza and Rwandan Paul Kagame in "soccer buddies" days
Burundian Pierre Nkurunziza and Rwandan Paul Kagame in "soccer buddies" days






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The small and impoverished country of Burundi, located in the heart of African Great Lakes Region, is slowly and steadily sliding into the chaos and human tragedy, with unpredictable consequences. unknown/abyss but Rwanda, another small impoverished country to the North may not be far behind.

Recent news coming from the landlocked country of Burundi have been alarming to say the least. Few days ago there were media reports of insurgents coordinated attacks against three main military compounds in the Capital City of Bujumbura. Score of assailants were killed. Based on official accounts, 87 people, including 9 from the Burundian security forces were killed in the attacks. However, several sources in Bujumbura affirm that hundreds of people, including insurgents, civilians and government soldiers were killed, just in one day. A few days earlier,

the Burundian Army Chief of Staff had survived an ambush in a broad daylight, barely escaping the assassination attempt, unhurt. Some of his bodyguards were killed during the ambush.

Faced with the deteriorating situation, several Western countries, including the United States and Belgium, have advised their citizens to leave the country immediately. all together the country. The European Union has reduced the number of its diplomatic staff.

Who is fueling the instability and chaos in Burundi?

Based on reliable information from Rwandan General Paul Kagame's inner circle, Rwandan top political and and security services leaders have planning several scenarios for some time. The most likely scenario was approved by General Paul Kagame, following the recommendation from his top advisers and put in motion by Rwandan presidential security advisers.

As it has been reported by one of AfroAmerica Network regional correspondents, Rwandan military operatives have been recruiting, training, and arming Burundian refugees. Among the new recruits are child soldiers ,men and women who are forcefully enrolled into the rag-tag units of rebels. Any refusal or hesitation leads to violent abuse and torture, even death. In addition, several eye witnesses in and around Bujumbura and in some rural provinces close to Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), confirm that Rwandan forces have been operating in Burundi for quite some time. Hence, the recent attacks of the barracks in Bujumbura appeared not surprising for many in Bujumbura.

According to our sources, the objectives of the assailants were several folds: initially they were to take control of the three barracks and wait for reinforcements coming from either the elements newly trained by the Rwandan military or Rwandan forces that have already infiltrated the country. After this first step, these elements were to try to overrun the International Airport of Bujumbura, the Presidential Palace or Office and any other strategic institutions in Bujumbura.

The bulk of the assailants trained by General Paul Kagame's army have been lately transiting with arms and ammunitions through Uvira in South Kivu (DRC), which offers the benefit of proximity with Bujumbura. The operation is coordinated by Paul Kagame himself, his Minister of Defense, the Rwandan Defense Forces Chief of Staff while the day-to-day decisions are taken by General Alex Kagame (no known relationship with Rwandan dictator General Paul Kagame), Commander of the Southern Region while the officers who are coordinating the operations on the ground are Lt. Col. Gakwerere and Lt Col. Matunga.

What is in for the Rwandan General Paul Kagame?

Rwandan dictator General Paul Kagame and Pierre Nkurunziza used to play soccer together. They were once called: "presidential soccer buddies". Being his elder, General Paul Kagame was viewed by Pierre Nkurunziza as his "God Father", according to Pierre Nkurunziza's former aides. However, since early this year, the Rwandan dictator has shown an overt disdain towards Pierre Nkurunziza, privately referring to him as a "moron".

According to our sources, Paul Kagame has sought to use Pierre Nkurunziza as test for his own ambitions to cling to power by changing the Rwandan constitution. However, Pierre Nkurunziza's ambitions did not turn as expected, when thousands of refugees started pouring into Rwanda. That led Paul Kagame to question the intelligence of Pierre Nkurunziza, and to adopt another strategy to cover up his own ambitions.

He has indicated to his closest aids that the best strategy is the offensive. In one of his recent meetings, he highlighted his preferred modus operandi of prioritizing offensive over cautious steps. He told the all-ears audience to "Never wait to get struck; if you're in doubt strike first and deal with the consequences later".

He explained that creating chaos in Burundi would serve two objectives:
•first, giving his "moron" friend a lesson after advising him to bid for the controversial third term,
•second, deflecting the attention away from himself and his cronies especially after the public statements from the US and the EU officials, condemning the attempts by General Paul Kagame to run for a third term in 2017.

In addition, there are yet to be verified accounts of General Paul Kagame's instructions and huge sums of money to his diplomatic representatives to lobby local governments and law makers in order to reverse recent public statements by the US and EU officials.

Meanwhile with the upcoming referendum, General Paul Kagame, his local and national government officials and his security services have been actively running a sustained campaigns of terror in villages and towns across Rwanda, threatening civilians of dire consequences if they do not support the constitutional change to allow Paul Kagame to remain in power.

Although the outcome is determined in advance, the Rwandan Government has decided to go ahead with the Referendum mainly for the consumption of international community and to help in the lobbying efforts. Officially, General Paul Kagame has not stated his intentions, keeping the West guessing while at the same time showing clear signs of his intentions to cling to power.

KAGAME IN BURUNDI? 18/12/2015 17:17

African Great Lakes Sliding Into Chaos and Human Tragedy: Burundi, then Rwanda?






Burundian Pierre Nkurunziza and Rwandan Paul Kagame in "soccer buddies" days
Burundian Pierre Nkurunziza and Rwandan Paul Kagame in "soccer buddies" days






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The small and impoverished country of Burundi, located in the heart of African Great Lakes Region, is slowly and steadily sliding into the chaos and human tragedy, with unpredictable consequences. unknown/abyss but Rwanda, another small impoverished country to the North may not be far behind.

Recent news coming from the landlocked country of Burundi have been alarming to say the least. Few days ago there were media reports of insurgents coordinated attacks against three main military compounds in the Capital City of Bujumbura. Score of assailants were killed. Based on official accounts, 87 people, including 9 from the Burundian security forces were killed in the attacks. However, several sources in Bujumbura affirm that hundreds of people, including insurgents, civilians and government soldiers were killed, just in one day. A few days earlier,

the Burundian Army Chief of Staff had survived an ambush in a broad daylight, barely escaping the assassination attempt, unhurt. Some of his bodyguards were killed during the ambush.

Faced with the deteriorating situation, several Western countries, including the United States and Belgium, have advised their citizens to leave the country immediately. all together the country. The European Union has reduced the number of its diplomatic staff.

Who is fueling the instability and chaos in Burundi?

Based on reliable information from Rwandan General Paul Kagame's inner circle, Rwandan top political and and security services leaders have planning several scenarios for some time. The most likely scenario was approved by General Paul Kagame, following the recommendation from his top advisers and put in motion by Rwandan presidential security advisers.

As it has been reported by one of AfroAmerica Network regional correspondents, Rwandan military operatives have been recruiting, training, and arming Burundian refugees. Among the new recruits are child soldiers ,men and women who are forcefully enrolled into the rag-tag units of rebels. Any refusal or hesitation leads to violent abuse and torture, even death. In addition, several eye witnesses in and around Bujumbura and in some rural provinces close to Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), confirm that Rwandan forces have been operating in Burundi for quite some time. Hence, the recent attacks of the barracks in Bujumbura appeared not surprising for many in Bujumbura.

According to our sources, the objectives of the assailants were several folds: initially they were to take control of the three barracks and wait for reinforcements coming from either the elements newly trained by the Rwandan military or Rwandan forces that have already infiltrated the country. After this first step, these elements were to try to overrun the International Airport of Bujumbura, the Presidential Palace or Office and any other strategic institutions in Bujumbura.

The bulk of the assailants trained by General Paul Kagame's army have been lately transiting with arms and ammunitions through Uvira in South Kivu (DRC), which offers the benefit of proximity with Bujumbura. The operation is coordinated by Paul Kagame himself, his Minister of Defense, the Rwandan Defense Forces Chief of Staff while the day-to-day decisions are taken by General Alex Kagame (no known relationship with Rwandan dictator General Paul Kagame), Commander of the Southern Region while the officers who are coordinating the operations on the ground are Lt. Col. Gakwerere and Lt Col. Matunga.

What is in for the Rwandan General Paul Kagame?

Rwandan dictator General Paul Kagame and Pierre Nkurunziza used to play soccer together. They were once called: "presidential soccer buddies". Being his elder, General Paul Kagame was viewed by Pierre Nkurunziza as his "God Father", according to Pierre Nkurunziza's former aides. However, since early this year, the Rwandan dictator has shown an overt disdain towards Pierre Nkurunziza, privately referring to him as a "moron".

According to our sources, Paul Kagame has sought to use Pierre Nkurunziza as test for his own ambitions to cling to power by changing the Rwandan constitution. However, Pierre Nkurunziza's ambitions did not turn as expected, when thousands of refugees started pouring into Rwanda. That led Paul Kagame to question the intelligence of Pierre Nkurunziza, and to adopt another strategy to cover up his own ambitions.

He has indicated to his closest aids that the best strategy is the offensive. In one of his recent meetings, he highlighted his preferred modus operandi of prioritizing offensive over cautious steps. He told the all-ears audience to "Never wait to get struck; if you're in doubt strike first and deal with the consequences later".

He explained that creating chaos in Burundi would serve two objectives:
•first, giving his "moron" friend a lesson after advising him to bid for the controversial third term,
•second, deflecting the attention away from himself and his cronies especially after the public statements from the US and the EU officials, condemning the attempts by General Paul Kagame to run for a third term in 2017.

In addition, there are yet to be verified accounts of General Paul Kagame's instructions and huge sums of money to his diplomatic representatives to lobby local governments and law makers in order to reverse recent public statements by the US and EU officials.

Meanwhile with the upcoming referendum, General Paul Kagame, his local and national government officials and his security services have been actively running a sustained campaigns of terror in villages and towns across Rwanda, threatening civilians of dire consequences if they do not support the constitutional change to allow Paul Kagame to remain in power.

Although the outcome is determined in advance, the Rwandan Government has decided to go ahead with the Referendum mainly for the consumption of international community and to help in the lobbying efforts. Officially, General Paul Kagame has not stated his intentions, keeping the West guessing while at the same time showing clear signs of his intentions to cling to power.

KAGAME IN BURUNDI? 18/12/2015 17:17

African Great Lakes Sliding Into Chaos and Human Tragedy: Burundi, then Rwanda?






Burundian Pierre Nkurunziza and Rwandan Paul Kagame in "soccer buddies" days
Burundian Pierre Nkurunziza and Rwandan Paul Kagame in "soccer buddies" days






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The small and impoverished country of Burundi, located in the heart of African Great Lakes Region, is slowly and steadily sliding into the chaos and human tragedy, with unpredictable consequences. unknown/abyss but Rwanda, another small impoverished country to the North may not be far behind.

Recent news coming from the landlocked country of Burundi have been alarming to say the least. Few days ago there were media reports of insurgents coordinated attacks against three main military compounds in the Capital City of Bujumbura. Score of assailants were killed. Based on official accounts, 87 people, including 9 from the Burundian security forces were killed in the attacks. However, several sources in Bujumbura affirm that hundreds of people, including insurgents, civilians and government soldiers were killed, just in one day. A few days earlier,

the Burundian Army Chief of Staff had survived an ambush in a broad daylight, barely escaping the assassination attempt, unhurt. Some of his bodyguards were killed during the ambush.

Faced with the deteriorating situation, several Western countries, including the United States and Belgium, have advised their citizens to leave the country immediately. all together the country. The European Union has reduced the number of its diplomatic staff.

Who is fueling the instability and chaos in Burundi?

Based on reliable information from Rwandan General Paul Kagame's inner circle, Rwandan top political and and security services leaders have planning several scenarios for some time. The most likely scenario was approved by General Paul Kagame, following the recommendation from his top advisers and put in motion by Rwandan presidential security advisers.

As it has been reported by one of AfroAmerica Network regional correspondents, Rwandan military operatives have been recruiting, training, and arming Burundian refugees. Among the new recruits are child soldiers ,men and women who are forcefully enrolled into the rag-tag units of rebels. Any refusal or hesitation leads to violent abuse and torture, even death. In addition, several eye witnesses in and around Bujumbura and in some rural provinces close to Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), confirm that Rwandan forces have been operating in Burundi for quite some time. Hence, the recent attacks of the barracks in Bujumbura appeared not surprising for many in Bujumbura.

According to our sources, the objectives of the assailants were several folds: initially they were to take control of the three barracks and wait for reinforcements coming from either the elements newly trained by the Rwandan military or Rwandan forces that have already infiltrated the country. After this first step, these elements were to try to overrun the International Airport of Bujumbura, the Presidential Palace or Office and any other strategic institutions in Bujumbura.

The bulk of the assailants trained by General Paul Kagame's army have been lately transiting with arms and ammunitions through Uvira in South Kivu (DRC), which offers the benefit of proximity with Bujumbura. The operation is coordinated by Paul Kagame himself, his Minister of Defense, the Rwandan Defense Forces Chief of Staff while the day-to-day decisions are taken by General Alex Kagame (no known relationship with Rwandan dictator General Paul Kagame), Commander of the Southern Region while the officers who are coordinating the operations on the ground are Lt. Col. Gakwerere and Lt Col. Matunga.

What is in for the Rwandan General Paul Kagame?

Rwandan dictator General Paul Kagame and Pierre Nkurunziza used to play soccer together. They were once called: "presidential soccer buddies". Being his elder, General Paul Kagame was viewed by Pierre Nkurunziza as his "God Father", according to Pierre Nkurunziza's former aides. However, since early this year, the Rwandan dictator has shown an overt disdain towards Pierre Nkurunziza, privately referring to him as a "moron".

According to our sources, Paul Kagame has sought to use Pierre Nkurunziza as test for his own ambitions to cling to power by changing the Rwandan constitution. However, Pierre Nkurunziza's ambitions did not turn as expected, when thousands of refugees started pouring into Rwanda. That led Paul Kagame to question the intelligence of Pierre Nkurunziza, and to adopt another strategy to cover up his own ambitions.

He has indicated to his closest aids that the best strategy is the offensive. In one of his recent meetings, he highlighted his preferred modus operandi of prioritizing offensive over cautious steps. He told the all-ears audience to "Never wait to get struck; if you're in doubt strike first and deal with the consequences later".

He explained that creating chaos in Burundi would serve two objectives:
•first, giving his "moron" friend a lesson after advising him to bid for the controversial third term,
•second, deflecting the attention away from himself and his cronies especially after the public statements from the US and the EU officials, condemning the attempts by General Paul Kagame to run for a third term in 2017.

In addition, there are yet to be verified accounts of General Paul Kagame's instructions and huge sums of money to his diplomatic representatives to lobby local governments and law makers in order to reverse recent public statements by the US and EU officials.

Meanwhile with the upcoming referendum, General Paul Kagame, his local and national government officials and his security services have been actively running a sustained campaigns of terror in villages and towns across Rwanda, threatening civilians of dire consequences if they do not support the constitutional change to allow Paul Kagame to remain in power.

Although the outcome is determined in advance, the Rwandan Government has decided to go ahead with the Referendum mainly for the consumption of international community and to help in the lobbying efforts. Officially, General Paul Kagame has not stated his intentions, keeping the West guessing while at the same time showing clear signs of his intentions to cling to power.

KAGAME IN BURUNDI? 18/12/2015 17:17

African Great Lakes Sliding Into Chaos and Human Tragedy: Burundi, then Rwanda?






Burundian Pierre Nkurunziza and Rwandan Paul Kagame in "soccer buddies" days
Burundian Pierre Nkurunziza and Rwandan Paul Kagame in "soccer buddies" days






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The small and impoverished country of Burundi, located in the heart of African Great Lakes Region, is slowly and steadily sliding into the chaos and human tragedy, with unpredictable consequences. unknown/abyss but Rwanda, another small impoverished country to the North may not be far behind.

Recent news coming from the landlocked country of Burundi have been alarming to say the least. Few days ago there were media reports of insurgents coordinated attacks against three main military compounds in the Capital City of Bujumbura. Score of assailants were killed. Based on official accounts, 87 people, including 9 from the Burundian security forces were killed in the attacks. However, several sources in Bujumbura affirm that hundreds of people, including insurgents, civilians and government soldiers were killed, just in one day. A few days earlier,

the Burundian Army Chief of Staff had survived an ambush in a broad daylight, barely escaping the assassination attempt, unhurt. Some of his bodyguards were killed during the ambush.

Faced with the deteriorating situation, several Western countries, including the United States and Belgium, have advised their citizens to leave the country immediately. all together the country. The European Union has reduced the number of its diplomatic staff.

Who is fueling the instability and chaos in Burundi?

Based on reliable information from Rwandan General Paul Kagame's inner circle, Rwandan top political and and security services leaders have planning several scenarios for some time. The most likely scenario was approved by General Paul Kagame, following the recommendation from his top advisers and put in motion by Rwandan presidential security advisers.

As it has been reported by one of AfroAmerica Network regional correspondents, Rwandan military operatives have been recruiting, training, and arming Burundian refugees. Among the new recruits are child soldiers ,men and women who are forcefully enrolled into the rag-tag units of rebels. Any refusal or hesitation leads to violent abuse and torture, even death. In addition, several eye witnesses in and around Bujumbura and in some rural provinces close to Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), confirm that Rwandan forces have been operating in Burundi for quite some time. Hence, the recent attacks of the barracks in Bujumbura appeared not surprising for many in Bujumbura.

According to our sources, the objectives of the assailants were several folds: initially they were to take control of the three barracks and wait for reinforcements coming from either the elements newly trained by the Rwandan military or Rwandan forces that have already infiltrated the country. After this first step, these elements were to try to overrun the International Airport of Bujumbura, the Presidential Palace or Office and any other strategic institutions in Bujumbura.

The bulk of the assailants trained by General Paul Kagame's army have been lately transiting with arms and ammunitions through Uvira in South Kivu (DRC), which offers the benefit of proximity with Bujumbura. The operation is coordinated by Paul Kagame himself, his Minister of Defense, the Rwandan Defense Forces Chief of Staff while the day-to-day decisions are taken by General Alex Kagame (no known relationship with Rwandan dictator General Paul Kagame), Commander of the Southern Region while the officers who are coordinating the operations on the ground are Lt. Col. Gakwerere and Lt Col. Matunga.

What is in for the Rwandan General Paul Kagame?

Rwandan dictator General Paul Kagame and Pierre Nkurunziza used to play soccer together. They were once called: "presidential soccer buddies". Being his elder, General Paul Kagame was viewed by Pierre Nkurunziza as his "God Father", according to Pierre Nkurunziza's former aides. However, since early this year, the Rwandan dictator has shown an overt disdain towards Pierre Nkurunziza, privately referring to him as a "moron".

According to our sources, Paul Kagame has sought to use Pierre Nkurunziza as test for his own ambitions to cling to power by changing the Rwandan constitution. However, Pierre Nkurunziza's ambitions did not turn as expected, when thousands of refugees started pouring into Rwanda. That led Paul Kagame to question the intelligence of Pierre Nkurunziza, and to adopt another strategy to cover up his own ambitions.

He has indicated to his closest aids that the best strategy is the offensive. In one of his recent meetings, he highlighted his preferred modus operandi of prioritizing offensive over cautious steps. He told the all-ears audience to "Never wait to get struck; if you're in doubt strike first and deal with the consequences later".

He explained that creating chaos in Burundi would serve two objectives:
•first, giving his "moron" friend a lesson after advising him to bid for the controversial third term,
•second, deflecting the attention away from himself and his cronies especially after the public statements from the US and the EU officials, condemning the attempts by General Paul Kagame to run for a third term in 2017.

In addition, there are yet to be verified accounts of General Paul Kagame's instructions and huge sums of money to his diplomatic representatives to lobby local governments and law makers in order to reverse recent public statements by the US and EU officials.

Meanwhile with the upcoming referendum, General Paul Kagame, his local and national government officials and his security services have been actively running a sustained campaigns of terror in villages and towns across Rwanda, threatening civilians of dire consequences if they do not support the constitutional change to allow Paul Kagame to remain in power.

Although the outcome is determined in advance, the Rwandan Government has decided to go ahead with the Referendum mainly for the consumption of international community and to help in the lobbying efforts. Officially, General Paul Kagame has not stated his intentions, keeping the West guessing while at the same time showing clear signs of his intentions to cling to power.

CONGO:REFUGIES RWANDAIS 18/12/2015 16:51

Harya ngo bajye mu BURUNDI kubera umutekano mukeya? none se abahutu b'abanyarwanda bicwa na KAGAME muri Congo ko batabarinda? ayi ayinyaaaaa!! aliya ni amayere yo kujya KWICA NKURUNZIZA.

BANTOUS 18/12/2015 16:49

Mwishyire hamwe murwanye KAGAME kuko ashobora kubatsemba

KIGALI habaye ikibazo gikomeye 18/12/2015 16:46

BURUNDI: US SENATE SUBCOMMITTEE HEARS TESTIMONY

December 18, 2015 AdminLeave a commentENGLISH

USA.linda

Linda Thomas-Greenfield, U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs, told the Senators that she had read the UNHCR reports on Rwandan government conscription of Burundian refugees for combat in Burundi and that she found them credible./ Ann Garrison, 15.12.2015

Burundian insurgents attacked three army bases early Friday morning, 12.11.2015, but the Burundian army prevailed and reported that it had killed at least a dozen of the attackers and taken at least 21 more prisoners, according to Agence France Presse. Fighting continued through the night and the dead in Burundi’s streets were estimated to be as high as 89 on Saturday morning. The government and opposition told conflicting stories about who the dead were and how they died.

Two days before the latest attacks, a U.S. Senate Foreign Relations subcommittee held a hearing on the situation in Burundi. Arizona Sen. Jeff Flake, Massachusetts Sen. Ed Markey. Maryland Sen. Ben Cardin and Delaware Sen. Chris Coons asked how mass violence, particularly mass violence between Hutus and Tutsis, could be avoided. Linda Thomas-Greenfield, assistant secretary of state for African affairs, assured them that the conflict remains fundamentally political, not ethnic, though conflicts in Rwanda and Burundi always have ethnic undertones and raise fears of ethnic violence.

Sen. Flake asked how the struggle between government and opposition could be stopped, given that neither side is willing to compromise on President Nkurunziza’s third term. He also asked whether the East African Community (EAC) could press for a resolution. “As you know,” he said, “some of the coalition of opposition leaders there have made it clear that no peace will be possible as long as Nkurunziza remains in power. He has no intention, it seems, of stepping down. What’s gonna give? And, first, is it just who blinks here? Or is there going to be pressure from the EAC and others that break the logjam?”

Linda Thomas-Greenfield responded with vague statements about dialogue and bringing both sides to the table, but without identifying any possible points of compromise. She also said that the East African Community is divided, that Tanzania has issues with Rwanda, not Burundi, and that Uganda’s President Museveni is busy with his own re-election campaign. Sen. Flake noted that President Museveni, the EAC’s designated mediator, lacked credibility as an advocate for presidential term limits, given that he himself has been in power for 30 years and is now seeking re-election.

Sen. Flake also asked about reports that the Rwandan government is conscripting Burundian refugees in Rwanda to create a new “rebel army” to fight in Burundi. Thomas-Greenfield responded that these reports are credible. “There’ve been reports that the Rwandan government is secretly recruiting an army of Burundian refugees, presumably for the purpose of conducting some kind of armed insurgency inside Burundi. There was a letter to the editor in the Washington Post in November, written by Jeff Drumtra, a former U.N. official who outlines this, what he saw there in those camps. If these reports are true, what is the State Department doing to press the Rwandan government from doing this?”

Linda Thomas-Greenfield responded, “Sir, we’ve seen these reports and we have had a number of conversations with the Rwandan government to encourage them to investigate the reports, and any efforts that are being made within refugee camps in the borders of Rwanda should be stopped. We’ve also had discussions with them to discourage any actions taken by the Rwandan government to support additional violence that might take place in the region.”

Sen. Flake then asked whether she herself put stock in these reports.

Thomas Greenfield responded, “I have seen reports coming from UNHCR. We work closely with UNHCR, and I trust that if they are reporting this, they have seen the basis for making these reports and allegations.”

The U.S. has imposed sanctions on two members of the Burundian government and two members of the Burundian insurgency, but has not imposed sanctions on Rwanda for violating Burundi’s national sovereignty. Rwanda continues to deny creating a Burundian “rebel army.” Rwanda also continues to deny creating “rebel armies,” most recently M23, to fight in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Sixte Vigny Nimuraba, a Burundian Ph.D. student at George Mason University, told the Senators that the conflict is between Burundi’s political classes in Bujumbura, not the rural majority, and noted the resource competition between East and West. “It is widely agreed that Burundian people need peace. People in the countryside do not care about presidents’ terms or nuances of constitutional law. What some people want is economic support, such as chemical fertilizers or seeds. Others want jobs and equal opportunities. The capital city is the place where the political classes live. That may be the reason why there is violence there now, and that has a lot to do with our own history.”

“Current government leaders see Western countries as denying the principles of democracy and sovereignty of Burundi,” he continued. “There is an underreported cold war competition between two major powers, China and Russia on one side and the West on the other. Unexploited mineral resources like nickel and uranium play a major role in that commercial conflict.”

Nimuraba also said that after 20 years of war, many Burundians suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder, and a national trauma healing program, including nonviolence training, is needed.


A video archive of the entire hearing and text copies of witness testimony can be found at The Political and Security Crisis in Burundi.
NGO Refugees International published this report confirming Rwanda’s forced conscription of Burundian refugees: ASYLUM BETRAYED: RECRUITMENT OF BURUNDIAN REFUGEES IN RWANDA.

Oakland writer Ann Garrison contributes to the San Francisco Bay View, Black Agenda Report, Black Star News, Counterpunch, Global Research, and her own website, Ann Garrison, and produces for AfrobeatRadio on WBAI-NYC, KPFA Evening News, KPFA Flashpoints and for her own YouTube Channel, AnnieGetYourGang. She can be reached at anniegarrison@gmail.com. In March 2014 she was awarded the Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza Democracy and Peace Prize for promoting peace in the Great Lakes Region of Africa through her reporting.

– See more at: http://www.blackstarnews.com/global-politics/africa/burundi-us-senate-subcommittee-hears-testimony.html#sthash.diHlGMUL.dpuf

KIGALI habaye ikibazo gikomeye 18/12/2015 16:46

BURUNDI: US SENATE SUBCOMMITTEE HEARS TESTIMONY

December 18, 2015 AdminLeave a commentENGLISH

USA.linda

Linda Thomas-Greenfield, U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs, told the Senators that she had read the UNHCR reports on Rwandan government conscription of Burundian refugees for combat in Burundi and that she found them credible./ Ann Garrison, 15.12.2015

Burundian insurgents attacked three army bases early Friday morning, 12.11.2015, but the Burundian army prevailed and reported that it had killed at least a dozen of the attackers and taken at least 21 more prisoners, according to Agence France Presse. Fighting continued through the night and the dead in Burundi’s streets were estimated to be as high as 89 on Saturday morning. The government and opposition told conflicting stories about who the dead were and how they died.

Two days before the latest attacks, a U.S. Senate Foreign Relations subcommittee held a hearing on the situation in Burundi. Arizona Sen. Jeff Flake, Massachusetts Sen. Ed Markey. Maryland Sen. Ben Cardin and Delaware Sen. Chris Coons asked how mass violence, particularly mass violence between Hutus and Tutsis, could be avoided. Linda Thomas-Greenfield, assistant secretary of state for African affairs, assured them that the conflict remains fundamentally political, not ethnic, though conflicts in Rwanda and Burundi always have ethnic undertones and raise fears of ethnic violence.

Sen. Flake asked how the struggle between government and opposition could be stopped, given that neither side is willing to compromise on President Nkurunziza’s third term. He also asked whether the East African Community (EAC) could press for a resolution. “As you know,” he said, “some of the coalition of opposition leaders there have made it clear that no peace will be possible as long as Nkurunziza remains in power. He has no intention, it seems, of stepping down. What’s gonna give? And, first, is it just who blinks here? Or is there going to be pressure from the EAC and others that break the logjam?”

Linda Thomas-Greenfield responded with vague statements about dialogue and bringing both sides to the table, but without identifying any possible points of compromise. She also said that the East African Community is divided, that Tanzania has issues with Rwanda, not Burundi, and that Uganda’s President Museveni is busy with his own re-election campaign. Sen. Flake noted that President Museveni, the EAC’s designated mediator, lacked credibility as an advocate for presidential term limits, given that he himself has been in power for 30 years and is now seeking re-election.

Sen. Flake also asked about reports that the Rwandan government is conscripting Burundian refugees in Rwanda to create a new “rebel army” to fight in Burundi. Thomas-Greenfield responded that these reports are credible. “There’ve been reports that the Rwandan government is secretly recruiting an army of Burundian refugees, presumably for the purpose of conducting some kind of armed insurgency inside Burundi. There was a letter to the editor in the Washington Post in November, written by Jeff Drumtra, a former U.N. official who outlines this, what he saw there in those camps. If these reports are true, what is the State Department doing to press the Rwandan government from doing this?”

Linda Thomas-Greenfield responded, “Sir, we’ve seen these reports and we have had a number of conversations with the Rwandan government to encourage them to investigate the reports, and any efforts that are being made within refugee camps in the borders of Rwanda should be stopped. We’ve also had discussions with them to discourage any actions taken by the Rwandan government to support additional violence that might take place in the region.”

Sen. Flake then asked whether she herself put stock in these reports.

Thomas Greenfield responded, “I have seen reports coming from UNHCR. We work closely with UNHCR, and I trust that if they are reporting this, they have seen the basis for making these reports and allegations.”

The U.S. has imposed sanctions on two members of the Burundian government and two members of the Burundian insurgency, but has not imposed sanctions on Rwanda for violating Burundi’s national sovereignty. Rwanda continues to deny creating a Burundian “rebel army.” Rwanda also continues to deny creating “rebel armies,” most recently M23, to fight in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Sixte Vigny Nimuraba, a Burundian Ph.D. student at George Mason University, told the Senators that the conflict is between Burundi’s political classes in Bujumbura, not the rural majority, and noted the resource competition between East and West. “It is widely agreed that Burundian people need peace. People in the countryside do not care about presidents’ terms or nuances of constitutional law. What some people want is economic support, such as chemical fertilizers or seeds. Others want jobs and equal opportunities. The capital city is the place where the political classes live. That may be the reason why there is violence there now, and that has a lot to do with our own history.”

“Current government leaders see Western countries as denying the principles of democracy and sovereignty of Burundi,” he continued. “There is an underreported cold war competition between two major powers, China and Russia on one side and the West on the other. Unexploited mineral resources like nickel and uranium play a major role in that commercial conflict.”

Nimuraba also said that after 20 years of war, many Burundians suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder, and a national trauma healing program, including nonviolence training, is needed.


A video archive of the entire hearing and text copies of witness testimony can be found at The Political and Security Crisis in Burundi.
NGO Refugees International published this report confirming Rwanda’s forced conscription of Burundian refugees: ASYLUM BETRAYED: RECRUITMENT OF BURUNDIAN REFUGEES IN RWANDA.

Oakland writer Ann Garrison contributes to the San Francisco Bay View, Black Agenda Report, Black Star News, Counterpunch, Global Research, and her own website, Ann Garrison, and produces for AfrobeatRadio on WBAI-NYC, KPFA Evening News, KPFA Flashpoints and for her own YouTube Channel, AnnieGetYourGang. She can be reached at anniegarrison@gmail.com. In March 2014 she was awarded the Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza Democracy and Peace Prize for promoting peace in the Great Lakes Region of Africa through her reporting.

– See more at: http://www.blackstarnews.com/global-politics/africa/burundi-us-senate-subcommittee-hears-testimony.html#sthash.diHlGMUL.dpuf

KIGALI habaye ikibazo gikomeye 18/12/2015 16:46

BURUNDI: US SENATE SUBCOMMITTEE HEARS TESTIMONY

December 18, 2015 AdminLeave a commentENGLISH

USA.linda

Linda Thomas-Greenfield, U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs, told the Senators that she had read the UNHCR reports on Rwandan government conscription of Burundian refugees for combat in Burundi and that she found them credible./ Ann Garrison, 15.12.2015

Burundian insurgents attacked three army bases early Friday morning, 12.11.2015, but the Burundian army prevailed and reported that it had killed at least a dozen of the attackers and taken at least 21 more prisoners, according to Agence France Presse. Fighting continued through the night and the dead in Burundi’s streets were estimated to be as high as 89 on Saturday morning. The government and opposition told conflicting stories about who the dead were and how they died.

Two days before the latest attacks, a U.S. Senate Foreign Relations subcommittee held a hearing on the situation in Burundi. Arizona Sen. Jeff Flake, Massachusetts Sen. Ed Markey. Maryland Sen. Ben Cardin and Delaware Sen. Chris Coons asked how mass violence, particularly mass violence between Hutus and Tutsis, could be avoided. Linda Thomas-Greenfield, assistant secretary of state for African affairs, assured them that the conflict remains fundamentally political, not ethnic, though conflicts in Rwanda and Burundi always have ethnic undertones and raise fears of ethnic violence.

Sen. Flake asked how the struggle between government and opposition could be stopped, given that neither side is willing to compromise on President Nkurunziza’s third term. He also asked whether the East African Community (EAC) could press for a resolution. “As you know,” he said, “some of the coalition of opposition leaders there have made it clear that no peace will be possible as long as Nkurunziza remains in power. He has no intention, it seems, of stepping down. What’s gonna give? And, first, is it just who blinks here? Or is there going to be pressure from the EAC and others that break the logjam?”

Linda Thomas-Greenfield responded with vague statements about dialogue and bringing both sides to the table, but without identifying any possible points of compromise. She also said that the East African Community is divided, that Tanzania has issues with Rwanda, not Burundi, and that Uganda’s President Museveni is busy with his own re-election campaign. Sen. Flake noted that President Museveni, the EAC’s designated mediator, lacked credibility as an advocate for presidential term limits, given that he himself has been in power for 30 years and is now seeking re-election.

Sen. Flake also asked about reports that the Rwandan government is conscripting Burundian refugees in Rwanda to create a new “rebel army” to fight in Burundi. Thomas-Greenfield responded that these reports are credible. “There’ve been reports that the Rwandan government is secretly recruiting an army of Burundian refugees, presumably for the purpose of conducting some kind of armed insurgency inside Burundi. There was a letter to the editor in the Washington Post in November, written by Jeff Drumtra, a former U.N. official who outlines this, what he saw there in those camps. If these reports are true, what is the State Department doing to press the Rwandan government from doing this?”

Linda Thomas-Greenfield responded, “Sir, we’ve seen these reports and we have had a number of conversations with the Rwandan government to encourage them to investigate the reports, and any efforts that are being made within refugee camps in the borders of Rwanda should be stopped. We’ve also had discussions with them to discourage any actions taken by the Rwandan government to support additional violence that might take place in the region.”

Sen. Flake then asked whether she herself put stock in these reports.

Thomas Greenfield responded, “I have seen reports coming from UNHCR. We work closely with UNHCR, and I trust that if they are reporting this, they have seen the basis for making these reports and allegations.”

The U.S. has imposed sanctions on two members of the Burundian government and two members of the Burundian insurgency, but has not imposed sanctions on Rwanda for violating Burundi’s national sovereignty. Rwanda continues to deny creating a Burundian “rebel army.” Rwanda also continues to deny creating “rebel armies,” most recently M23, to fight in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Sixte Vigny Nimuraba, a Burundian Ph.D. student at George Mason University, told the Senators that the conflict is between Burundi’s political classes in Bujumbura, not the rural majority, and noted the resource competition between East and West. “It is widely agreed that Burundian people need peace. People in the countryside do not care about presidents’ terms or nuances of constitutional law. What some people want is economic support, such as chemical fertilizers or seeds. Others want jobs and equal opportunities. The capital city is the place where the political classes live. That may be the reason why there is violence there now, and that has a lot to do with our own history.”

“Current government leaders see Western countries as denying the principles of democracy and sovereignty of Burundi,” he continued. “There is an underreported cold war competition between two major powers, China and Russia on one side and the West on the other. Unexploited mineral resources like nickel and uranium play a major role in that commercial conflict.”

Nimuraba also said that after 20 years of war, many Burundians suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder, and a national trauma healing program, including nonviolence training, is needed.


A video archive of the entire hearing and text copies of witness testimony can be found at The Political and Security Crisis in Burundi.
NGO Refugees International published this report confirming Rwanda’s forced conscription of Burundian refugees: ASYLUM BETRAYED: RECRUITMENT OF BURUNDIAN REFUGEES IN RWANDA.

Oakland writer Ann Garrison contributes to the San Francisco Bay View, Black Agenda Report, Black Star News, Counterpunch, Global Research, and her own website, Ann Garrison, and produces for AfrobeatRadio on WBAI-NYC, KPFA Evening News, KPFA Flashpoints and for her own YouTube Channel, AnnieGetYourGang. She can be reached at anniegarrison@gmail.com. In March 2014 she was awarded the Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza Democracy and Peace Prize for promoting peace in the Great Lakes Region of Africa through her reporting.

– See more at: http://www.blackstarnews.com/global-politics/africa/burundi-us-senate-subcommittee-hears-testimony.html#sthash.diHlGMUL.dpuf

FDLR 18/12/2015 16:45

BURUNDI: US SENATE SUBCOMMITTEE HEARS TESTIMONY

December 18, 2015 AdminLeave a commentENGLISH

USA.linda

Linda Thomas-Greenfield, U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs, told the Senators that she had read the UNHCR reports on Rwandan government conscription of Burundian refugees for combat in Burundi and that she found them credible./ Ann Garrison, 15.12.2015

Burundian insurgents attacked three army bases early Friday morning, 12.11.2015, but the Burundian army prevailed and reported that it had killed at least a dozen of the attackers and taken at least 21 more prisoners, according to Agence France Presse. Fighting continued through the night and the dead in Burundi’s streets were estimated to be as high as 89 on Saturday morning. The government and opposition told conflicting stories about who the dead were and how they died.

Two days before the latest attacks, a U.S. Senate Foreign Relations subcommittee held a hearing on the situation in Burundi. Arizona Sen. Jeff Flake, Massachusetts Sen. Ed Markey. Maryland Sen. Ben Cardin and Delaware Sen. Chris Coons asked how mass violence, particularly mass violence between Hutus and Tutsis, could be avoided. Linda Thomas-Greenfield, assistant secretary of state for African affairs, assured them that the conflict remains fundamentally political, not ethnic, though conflicts in Rwanda and Burundi always have ethnic undertones and raise fears of ethnic violence.

Sen. Flake asked how the struggle between government and opposition could be stopped, given that neither side is willing to compromise on President Nkurunziza’s third term. He also asked whether the East African Community (EAC) could press for a resolution. “As you know,” he said, “some of the coalition of opposition leaders there have made it clear that no peace will be possible as long as Nkurunziza remains in power. He has no intention, it seems, of stepping down. What’s gonna give? And, first, is it just who blinks here? Or is there going to be pressure from the EAC and others that break the logjam?”

Linda Thomas-Greenfield responded with vague statements about dialogue and bringing both sides to the table, but without identifying any possible points of compromise. She also said that the East African Community is divided, that Tanzania has issues with Rwanda, not Burundi, and that Uganda’s President Museveni is busy with his own re-election campaign. Sen. Flake noted that President Museveni, the EAC’s designated mediator, lacked credibility as an advocate for presidential term limits, given that he himself has been in power for 30 years and is now seeking re-election.

Sen. Flake also asked about reports that the Rwandan government is conscripting Burundian refugees in Rwanda to create a new “rebel army” to fight in Burundi. Thomas-Greenfield responded that these reports are credible. “There’ve been reports that the Rwandan government is secretly recruiting an army of Burundian refugees, presumably for the purpose of conducting some kind of armed insurgency inside Burundi. There was a letter to the editor in the Washington Post in November, written by Jeff Drumtra, a former U.N. official who outlines this, what he saw there in those camps. If these reports are true, what is the State Department doing to press the Rwandan government from doing this?”

Linda Thomas-Greenfield responded, “Sir, we’ve seen these reports and we have had a number of conversations with the Rwandan government to encourage them to investigate the reports, and any efforts that are being made within refugee camps in the borders of Rwanda should be stopped. We’ve also had discussions with them to discourage any actions taken by the Rwandan government to support additional violence that might take place in the region.”

Sen. Flake then asked whether she herself put stock in these reports.

Thomas Greenfield responded, “I have seen reports coming from UNHCR. We work closely with UNHCR, and I trust that if they are reporting this, they have seen the basis for making these reports and allegations.”

The U.S. has imposed sanctions on two members of the Burundian government and two members of the Burundian insurgency, but has not imposed sanctions on Rwanda for violating Burundi’s national sovereignty. Rwanda continues to deny creating a Burundian “rebel army.” Rwanda also continues to deny creating “rebel armies,” most recently M23, to fight in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Sixte Vigny Nimuraba, a Burundian Ph.D. student at George Mason University, told the Senators that the conflict is between Burundi’s political classes in Bujumbura, not the rural majority, and noted the resource competition between East and West. “It is widely agreed that Burundian people need peace. People in the countryside do not care about presidents’ terms or nuances of constitutional law. What some people want is economic support, such as chemical fertilizers or seeds. Others want jobs and equal opportunities. The capital city is the place where the political classes live. That may be the reason why there is violence there now, and that has a lot to do with our own history.”

“Current government leaders see Western countries as denying the principles of democracy and sovereignty of Burundi,” he continued. “There is an underreported cold war competition between two major powers, China and Russia on one side and the West on the other. Unexploited mineral resources like nickel and uranium play a major role in that commercial conflict.”

Nimuraba also said that after 20 years of war, many Burundians suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder, and a national trauma healing program, including nonviolence training, is needed.


A video archive of the entire hearing and text copies of witness testimony can be found at The Political and Security Crisis in Burundi.
NGO Refugees International published this report confirming Rwanda’s forced conscription of Burundian refugees: ASYLUM BETRAYED: RECRUITMENT OF BURUNDIAN REFUGEES IN RWANDA.

Oakland writer Ann Garrison contributes to the San Francisco Bay View, Black Agenda Report, Black Star News, Counterpunch, Global Research, and her own website, Ann Garrison, and produces for AfrobeatRadio on WBAI-NYC, KPFA Evening News, KPFA Flashpoints and for her own YouTube Channel, AnnieGetYourGang. She can be reached at anniegarrison@gmail.com. In March 2014 she was awarded the Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza Democracy and Peace Prize for promoting peace in the Great Lakes Region of Africa through her reporting.

– See more at: http://www.blackstarnews.com/global-politics/africa/burundi-us-senate-subcommittee-hears-testimony.html#sthash.diHlGMUL.dpuf

FDLR 18/12/2015 16:45

BURUNDI: US SENATE SUBCOMMITTEE HEARS TESTIMONY

December 18, 2015 AdminLeave a commentENGLISH

USA.linda

Linda Thomas-Greenfield, U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs, told the Senators that she had read the UNHCR reports on Rwandan government conscription of Burundian refugees for combat in Burundi and that she found them credible./ Ann Garrison, 15.12.2015

Burundian insurgents attacked three army bases early Friday morning, 12.11.2015, but the Burundian army prevailed and reported that it had killed at least a dozen of the attackers and taken at least 21 more prisoners, according to Agence France Presse. Fighting continued through the night and the dead in Burundi’s streets were estimated to be as high as 89 on Saturday morning. The government and opposition told conflicting stories about who the dead were and how they died.

Two days before the latest attacks, a U.S. Senate Foreign Relations subcommittee held a hearing on the situation in Burundi. Arizona Sen. Jeff Flake, Massachusetts Sen. Ed Markey. Maryland Sen. Ben Cardin and Delaware Sen. Chris Coons asked how mass violence, particularly mass violence between Hutus and Tutsis, could be avoided. Linda Thomas-Greenfield, assistant secretary of state for African affairs, assured them that the conflict remains fundamentally political, not ethnic, though conflicts in Rwanda and Burundi always have ethnic undertones and raise fears of ethnic violence.

Sen. Flake asked how the struggle between government and opposition could be stopped, given that neither side is willing to compromise on President Nkurunziza’s third term. He also asked whether the East African Community (EAC) could press for a resolution. “As you know,” he said, “some of the coalition of opposition leaders there have made it clear that no peace will be possible as long as Nkurunziza remains in power. He has no intention, it seems, of stepping down. What’s gonna give? And, first, is it just who blinks here? Or is there going to be pressure from the EAC and others that break the logjam?”

Linda Thomas-Greenfield responded with vague statements about dialogue and bringing both sides to the table, but without identifying any possible points of compromise. She also said that the East African Community is divided, that Tanzania has issues with Rwanda, not Burundi, and that Uganda’s President Museveni is busy with his own re-election campaign. Sen. Flake noted that President Museveni, the EAC’s designated mediator, lacked credibility as an advocate for presidential term limits, given that he himself has been in power for 30 years and is now seeking re-election.

Sen. Flake also asked about reports that the Rwandan government is conscripting Burundian refugees in Rwanda to create a new “rebel army” to fight in Burundi. Thomas-Greenfield responded that these reports are credible. “There’ve been reports that the Rwandan government is secretly recruiting an army of Burundian refugees, presumably for the purpose of conducting some kind of armed insurgency inside Burundi. There was a letter to the editor in the Washington Post in November, written by Jeff Drumtra, a former U.N. official who outlines this, what he saw there in those camps. If these reports are true, what is the State Department doing to press the Rwandan government from doing this?”

Linda Thomas-Greenfield responded, “Sir, we’ve seen these reports and we have had a number of conversations with the Rwandan government to encourage them to investigate the reports, and any efforts that are being made within refugee camps in the borders of Rwanda should be stopped. We’ve also had discussions with them to discourage any actions taken by the Rwandan government to support additional violence that might take place in the region.”

Sen. Flake then asked whether she herself put stock in these reports.

Thomas Greenfield responded, “I have seen reports coming from UNHCR. We work closely with UNHCR, and I trust that if they are reporting this, they have seen the basis for making these reports and allegations.”

The U.S. has imposed sanctions on two members of the Burundian government and two members of the Burundian insurgency, but has not imposed sanctions on Rwanda for violating Burundi’s national sovereignty. Rwanda continues to deny creating a Burundian “rebel army.” Rwanda also continues to deny creating “rebel armies,” most recently M23, to fight in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Sixte Vigny Nimuraba, a Burundian Ph.D. student at George Mason University, told the Senators that the conflict is between Burundi’s political classes in Bujumbura, not the rural majority, and noted the resource competition between East and West. “It is widely agreed that Burundian people need peace. People in the countryside do not care about presidents’ terms or nuances of constitutional law. What some people want is economic support, such as chemical fertilizers or seeds. Others want jobs and equal opportunities. The capital city is the place where the political classes live. That may be the reason why there is violence there now, and that has a lot to do with our own history.”

“Current government leaders see Western countries as denying the principles of democracy and sovereignty of Burundi,” he continued. “There is an underreported cold war competition between two major powers, China and Russia on one side and the West on the other. Unexploited mineral resources like nickel and uranium play a major role in that commercial conflict.”

Nimuraba also said that after 20 years of war, many Burundians suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder, and a national trauma healing program, including nonviolence training, is needed.


A video archive of the entire hearing and text copies of witness testimony can be found at The Political and Security Crisis in Burundi.
NGO Refugees International published this report confirming Rwanda’s forced conscription of Burundian refugees: ASYLUM BETRAYED: RECRUITMENT OF BURUNDIAN REFUGEES IN RWANDA.

Oakland writer Ann Garrison contributes to the San Francisco Bay View, Black Agenda Report, Black Star News, Counterpunch, Global Research, and her own website, Ann Garrison, and produces for AfrobeatRadio on WBAI-NYC, KPFA Evening News, KPFA Flashpoints and for her own YouTube Channel, AnnieGetYourGang. She can be reached at anniegarrison@gmail.com. In March 2014 she was awarded the Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza Democracy and Peace Prize for promoting peace in the Great Lakes Region of Africa through her reporting.

– See more at: http://www.blackstarnews.com/global-politics/africa/burundi-us-senate-subcommittee-hears-testimony.html#sthash.diHlGMUL.dpuf

FDLR 18/12/2015 16:45

BURUNDI: US SENATE SUBCOMMITTEE HEARS TESTIMONY

December 18, 2015 AdminLeave a commentENGLISH

USA.linda

Linda Thomas-Greenfield, U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs, told the Senators that she had read the UNHCR reports on Rwandan government conscription of Burundian refugees for combat in Burundi and that she found them credible./ Ann Garrison, 15.12.2015

Burundian insurgents attacked three army bases early Friday morning, 12.11.2015, but the Burundian army prevailed and reported that it had killed at least a dozen of the attackers and taken at least 21 more prisoners, according to Agence France Presse. Fighting continued through the night and the dead in Burundi’s streets were estimated to be as high as 89 on Saturday morning. The government and opposition told conflicting stories about who the dead were and how they died.

Two days before the latest attacks, a U.S. Senate Foreign Relations subcommittee held a hearing on the situation in Burundi. Arizona Sen. Jeff Flake, Massachusetts Sen. Ed Markey. Maryland Sen. Ben Cardin and Delaware Sen. Chris Coons asked how mass violence, particularly mass violence between Hutus and Tutsis, could be avoided. Linda Thomas-Greenfield, assistant secretary of state for African affairs, assured them that the conflict remains fundamentally political, not ethnic, though conflicts in Rwanda and Burundi always have ethnic undertones and raise fears of ethnic violence.

Sen. Flake asked how the struggle between government and opposition could be stopped, given that neither side is willing to compromise on President Nkurunziza’s third term. He also asked whether the East African Community (EAC) could press for a resolution. “As you know,” he said, “some of the coalition of opposition leaders there have made it clear that no peace will be possible as long as Nkurunziza remains in power. He has no intention, it seems, of stepping down. What’s gonna give? And, first, is it just who blinks here? Or is there going to be pressure from the EAC and others that break the logjam?”

Linda Thomas-Greenfield responded with vague statements about dialogue and bringing both sides to the table, but without identifying any possible points of compromise. She also said that the East African Community is divided, that Tanzania has issues with Rwanda, not Burundi, and that Uganda’s President Museveni is busy with his own re-election campaign. Sen. Flake noted that President Museveni, the EAC’s designated mediator, lacked credibility as an advocate for presidential term limits, given that he himself has been in power for 30 years and is now seeking re-election.

Sen. Flake also asked about reports that the Rwandan government is conscripting Burundian refugees in Rwanda to create a new “rebel army” to fight in Burundi. Thomas-Greenfield responded that these reports are credible. “There’ve been reports that the Rwandan government is secretly recruiting an army of Burundian refugees, presumably for the purpose of conducting some kind of armed insurgency inside Burundi. There was a letter to the editor in the Washington Post in November, written by Jeff Drumtra, a former U.N. official who outlines this, what he saw there in those camps. If these reports are true, what is the State Department doing to press the Rwandan government from doing this?”

Linda Thomas-Greenfield responded, “Sir, we’ve seen these reports and we have had a number of conversations with the Rwandan government to encourage them to investigate the reports, and any efforts that are being made within refugee camps in the borders of Rwanda should be stopped. We’ve also had discussions with them to discourage any actions taken by the Rwandan government to support additional violence that might take place in the region.”

Sen. Flake then asked whether she herself put stock in these reports.

Thomas Greenfield responded, “I have seen reports coming from UNHCR. We work closely with UNHCR, and I trust that if they are reporting this, they have seen the basis for making these reports and allegations.”

The U.S. has imposed sanctions on two members of the Burundian government and two members of the Burundian insurgency, but has not imposed sanctions on Rwanda for violating Burundi’s national sovereignty. Rwanda continues to deny creating a Burundian “rebel army.” Rwanda also continues to deny creating “rebel armies,” most recently M23, to fight in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Sixte Vigny Nimuraba, a Burundian Ph.D. student at George Mason University, told the Senators that the conflict is between Burundi’s political classes in Bujumbura, not the rural majority, and noted the resource competition between East and West. “It is widely agreed that Burundian people need peace. People in the countryside do not care about presidents’ terms or nuances of constitutional law. What some people want is economic support, such as chemical fertilizers or seeds. Others want jobs and equal opportunities. The capital city is the place where the political classes live. That may be the reason why there is violence there now, and that has a lot to do with our own history.”

“Current government leaders see Western countries as denying the principles of democracy and sovereignty of Burundi,” he continued. “There is an underreported cold war competition between two major powers, China and Russia on one side and the West on the other. Unexploited mineral resources like nickel and uranium play a major role in that commercial conflict.”

Nimuraba also said that after 20 years of war, many Burundians suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder, and a national trauma healing program, including nonviolence training, is needed.


A video archive of the entire hearing and text copies of witness testimony can be found at The Political and Security Crisis in Burundi.
NGO Refugees International published this report confirming Rwanda’s forced conscription of Burundian refugees: ASYLUM BETRAYED: RECRUITMENT OF BURUNDIAN REFUGEES IN RWANDA.

Oakland writer Ann Garrison contributes to the San Francisco Bay View, Black Agenda Report, Black Star News, Counterpunch, Global Research, and her own website, Ann Garrison, and produces for AfrobeatRadio on WBAI-NYC, KPFA Evening News, KPFA Flashpoints and for her own YouTube Channel, AnnieGetYourGang. She can be reached at anniegarrison@gmail.com. In March 2014 she was awarded the Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza Democracy and Peace Prize for promoting peace in the Great Lakes Region of Africa through her reporting.

– See more at: http://www.blackstarnews.com/global-politics/africa/burundi-us-senate-subcommittee-hears-testimony.html#sthash.diHlGMUL.dpuf

FDLR 18/12/2015 16:45

BURUNDI: US SENATE SUBCOMMITTEE HEARS TESTIMONY

December 18, 2015 AdminLeave a commentENGLISH

USA.linda

Linda Thomas-Greenfield, U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs, told the Senators that she had read the UNHCR reports on Rwandan government conscription of Burundian refugees for combat in Burundi and that she found them credible./ Ann Garrison, 15.12.2015

Burundian insurgents attacked three army bases early Friday morning, 12.11.2015, but the Burundian army prevailed and reported that it had killed at least a dozen of the attackers and taken at least 21 more prisoners, according to Agence France Presse. Fighting continued through the night and the dead in Burundi’s streets were estimated to be as high as 89 on Saturday morning. The government and opposition told conflicting stories about who the dead were and how they died.

Two days before the latest attacks, a U.S. Senate Foreign Relations subcommittee held a hearing on the situation in Burundi. Arizona Sen. Jeff Flake, Massachusetts Sen. Ed Markey. Maryland Sen. Ben Cardin and Delaware Sen. Chris Coons asked how mass violence, particularly mass violence between Hutus and Tutsis, could be avoided. Linda Thomas-Greenfield, assistant secretary of state for African affairs, assured them that the conflict remains fundamentally political, not ethnic, though conflicts in Rwanda and Burundi always have ethnic undertones and raise fears of ethnic violence.

Sen. Flake asked how the struggle between government and opposition could be stopped, given that neither side is willing to compromise on President Nkurunziza’s third term. He also asked whether the East African Community (EAC) could press for a resolution. “As you know,” he said, “some of the coalition of opposition leaders there have made it clear that no peace will be possible as long as Nkurunziza remains in power. He has no intention, it seems, of stepping down. What’s gonna give? And, first, is it just who blinks here? Or is there going to be pressure from the EAC and others that break the logjam?”

Linda Thomas-Greenfield responded with vague statements about dialogue and bringing both sides to the table, but without identifying any possible points of compromise. She also said that the East African Community is divided, that Tanzania has issues with Rwanda, not Burundi, and that Uganda’s President Museveni is busy with his own re-election campaign. Sen. Flake noted that President Museveni, the EAC’s designated mediator, lacked credibility as an advocate for presidential term limits, given that he himself has been in power for 30 years and is now seeking re-election.

Sen. Flake also asked about reports that the Rwandan government is conscripting Burundian refugees in Rwanda to create a new “rebel army” to fight in Burundi. Thomas-Greenfield responded that these reports are credible. “There’ve been reports that the Rwandan government is secretly recruiting an army of Burundian refugees, presumably for the purpose of conducting some kind of armed insurgency inside Burundi. There was a letter to the editor in the Washington Post in November, written by Jeff Drumtra, a former U.N. official who outlines this, what he saw there in those camps. If these reports are true, what is the State Department doing to press the Rwandan government from doing this?”

Linda Thomas-Greenfield responded, “Sir, we’ve seen these reports and we have had a number of conversations with the Rwandan government to encourage them to investigate the reports, and any efforts that are being made within refugee camps in the borders of Rwanda should be stopped. We’ve also had discussions with them to discourage any actions taken by the Rwandan government to support additional violence that might take place in the region.”

Sen. Flake then asked whether she herself put stock in these reports.

Thomas Greenfield responded, “I have seen reports coming from UNHCR. We work closely with UNHCR, and I trust that if they are reporting this, they have seen the basis for making these reports and allegations.”

The U.S. has imposed sanctions on two members of the Burundian government and two members of the Burundian insurgency, but has not imposed sanctions on Rwanda for violating Burundi’s national sovereignty. Rwanda continues to deny creating a Burundian “rebel army.” Rwanda also continues to deny creating “rebel armies,” most recently M23, to fight in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Sixte Vigny Nimuraba, a Burundian Ph.D. student at George Mason University, told the Senators that the conflict is between Burundi’s political classes in Bujumbura, not the rural majority, and noted the resource competition between East and West. “It is widely agreed that Burundian people need peace. People in the countryside do not care about presidents’ terms or nuances of constitutional law. What some people want is economic support, such as chemical fertilizers or seeds. Others want jobs and equal opportunities. The capital city is the place where the political classes live. That may be the reason why there is violence there now, and that has a lot to do with our own history.”

“Current government leaders see Western countries as denying the principles of democracy and sovereignty of Burundi,” he continued. “There is an underreported cold war competition between two major powers, China and Russia on one side and the West on the other. Unexploited mineral resources like nickel and uranium play a major role in that commercial conflict.”

Nimuraba also said that after 20 years of war, many Burundians suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder, and a national trauma healing program, including nonviolence training, is needed.


A video archive of the entire hearing and text copies of witness testimony can be found at The Political and Security Crisis in Burundi.
NGO Refugees International published this report confirming Rwanda’s forced conscription of Burundian refugees: ASYLUM BETRAYED: RECRUITMENT OF BURUNDIAN REFUGEES IN RWANDA.

Oakland writer Ann Garrison contributes to the San Francisco Bay View, Black Agenda Report, Black Star News, Counterpunch, Global Research, and her own website, Ann Garrison, and produces for AfrobeatRadio on WBAI-NYC, KPFA Evening News, KPFA Flashpoints and for her own YouTube Channel, AnnieGetYourGang. She can be reached at anniegarrison@gmail.com. In March 2014 she was awarded the Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza Democracy and Peace Prize for promoting peace in the Great Lakes Region of Africa through her reporting.

– See more at: http://www.blackstarnews.com/global-politics/africa/burundi-us-senate-subcommittee-hears-testimony.html#sthash.diHlGMUL.dpuf

KAGAME mu mazi abira? 18/12/2015 16:45

BURUNDI: US SENATE SUBCOMMITTEE HEARS TESTIMONY

December 18, 2015 AdminLeave a commentENGLISH

USA.linda

Linda Thomas-Greenfield, U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs, told the Senators that she had read the UNHCR reports on Rwandan government conscription of Burundian refugees for combat in Burundi and that she found them credible./ Ann Garrison, 15.12.2015

Burundian insurgents attacked three army bases early Friday morning, 12.11.2015, but the Burundian army prevailed and reported that it had killed at least a dozen of the attackers and taken at least 21 more prisoners, according to Agence France Presse. Fighting continued through the night and the dead in Burundi’s streets were estimated to be as high as 89 on Saturday morning. The government and opposition told conflicting stories about who the dead were and how they died.

Two days before the latest attacks, a U.S. Senate Foreign Relations subcommittee held a hearing on the situation in Burundi. Arizona Sen. Jeff Flake, Massachusetts Sen. Ed Markey. Maryland Sen. Ben Cardin and Delaware Sen. Chris Coons asked how mass violence, particularly mass violence between Hutus and Tutsis, could be avoided. Linda Thomas-Greenfield, assistant secretary of state for African affairs, assured them that the conflict remains fundamentally political, not ethnic, though conflicts in Rwanda and Burundi always have ethnic undertones and raise fears of ethnic violence.

Sen. Flake asked how the struggle between government and opposition could be stopped, given that neither side is willing to compromise on President Nkurunziza’s third term. He also asked whether the East African Community (EAC) could press for a resolution. “As you know,” he said, “some of the coalition of opposition leaders there have made it clear that no peace will be possible as long as Nkurunziza remains in power. He has no intention, it seems, of stepping down. What’s gonna give? And, first, is it just who blinks here? Or is there going to be pressure from the EAC and others that break the logjam?”

Linda Thomas-Greenfield responded with vague statements about dialogue and bringing both sides to the table, but without identifying any possible points of compromise. She also said that the East African Community is divided, that Tanzania has issues with Rwanda, not Burundi, and that Uganda’s President Museveni is busy with his own re-election campaign. Sen. Flake noted that President Museveni, the EAC’s designated mediator, lacked credibility as an advocate for presidential term limits, given that he himself has been in power for 30 years and is now seeking re-election.

Sen. Flake also asked about reports that the Rwandan government is conscripting Burundian refugees in Rwanda to create a new “rebel army” to fight in Burundi. Thomas-Greenfield responded that these reports are credible. “There’ve been reports that the Rwandan government is secretly recruiting an army of Burundian refugees, presumably for the purpose of conducting some kind of armed insurgency inside Burundi. There was a letter to the editor in the Washington Post in November, written by Jeff Drumtra, a former U.N. official who outlines this, what he saw there in those camps. If these reports are true, what is the State Department doing to press the Rwandan government from doing this?”

Linda Thomas-Greenfield responded, “Sir, we’ve seen these reports and we have had a number of conversations with the Rwandan government to encourage them to investigate the reports, and any efforts that are being made within refugee camps in the borders of Rwanda should be stopped. We’ve also had discussions with them to discourage any actions taken by the Rwandan government to support additional violence that might take place in the region.”

Sen. Flake then asked whether she herself put stock in these reports.

Thomas Greenfield responded, “I have seen reports coming from UNHCR. We work closely with UNHCR, and I trust that if they are reporting this, they have seen the basis for making these reports and allegations.”

The U.S. has imposed sanctions on two members of the Burundian government and two members of the Burundian insurgency, but has not imposed sanctions on Rwanda for violating Burundi’s national sovereignty. Rwanda continues to deny creating a Burundian “rebel army.” Rwanda also continues to deny creating “rebel armies,” most recently M23, to fight in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Sixte Vigny Nimuraba, a Burundian Ph.D. student at George Mason University, told the Senators that the conflict is between Burundi’s political classes in Bujumbura, not the rural majority, and noted the resource competition between East and West. “It is widely agreed that Burundian people need peace. People in the countryside do not care about presidents’ terms or nuances of constitutional law. What some people want is economic support, such as chemical fertilizers or seeds. Others want jobs and equal opportunities. The capital city is the place where the political classes live. That may be the reason why there is violence there now, and that has a lot to do with our own history.”

“Current government leaders see Western countries as denying the principles of democracy and sovereignty of Burundi,” he continued. “There is an underreported cold war competition between two major powers, China and Russia on one side and the West on the other. Unexploited mineral resources like nickel and uranium play a major role in that commercial conflict.”

Nimuraba also said that after 20 years of war, many Burundians suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder, and a national trauma healing program, including nonviolence training, is needed.


A video archive of the entire hearing and text copies of witness testimony can be found at The Political and Security Crisis in Burundi.
NGO Refugees International published this report confirming Rwanda’s forced conscription of Burundian refugees: ASYLUM BETRAYED: RECRUITMENT OF BURUNDIAN REFUGEES IN RWANDA.

Oakland writer Ann Garrison contributes to the San Francisco Bay View, Black Agenda Report, Black Star News, Counterpunch, Global Research, and her own website, Ann Garrison, and produces for AfrobeatRadio on WBAI-NYC, KPFA Evening News, KPFA Flashpoints and for her own YouTube Channel, AnnieGetYourGang. She can be reached at anniegarrison@gmail.com. In March 2014 she was awarded the Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza Democracy and Peace Prize for promoting peace in the Great Lakes Region of Africa through her reporting.

– See more at: http://www.blackstarnews.com/global-politics/africa/burundi-us-senate-subcommittee-hears-testimony.html#sthash.diHlGMUL.dpuf

KAGAME mu mazi abira? 18/12/2015 16:45

BURUNDI: US SENATE SUBCOMMITTEE HEARS TESTIMONY

December 18, 2015 AdminLeave a commentENGLISH

USA.linda

Linda Thomas-Greenfield, U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs, told the Senators that she had read the UNHCR reports on Rwandan government conscription of Burundian refugees for combat in Burundi and that she found them credible./ Ann Garrison, 15.12.2015

Burundian insurgents attacked three army bases early Friday morning, 12.11.2015, but the Burundian army prevailed and reported that it had killed at least a dozen of the attackers and taken at least 21 more prisoners, according to Agence France Presse. Fighting continued through the night and the dead in Burundi’s streets were estimated to be as high as 89 on Saturday morning. The government and opposition told conflicting stories about who the dead were and how they died.

Two days before the latest attacks, a U.S. Senate Foreign Relations subcommittee held a hearing on the situation in Burundi. Arizona Sen. Jeff Flake, Massachusetts Sen. Ed Markey. Maryland Sen. Ben Cardin and Delaware Sen. Chris Coons asked how mass violence, particularly mass violence between Hutus and Tutsis, could be avoided. Linda Thomas-Greenfield, assistant secretary of state for African affairs, assured them that the conflict remains fundamentally political, not ethnic, though conflicts in Rwanda and Burundi always have ethnic undertones and raise fears of ethnic violence.

Sen. Flake asked how the struggle between government and opposition could be stopped, given that neither side is willing to compromise on President Nkurunziza’s third term. He also asked whether the East African Community (EAC) could press for a resolution. “As you know,” he said, “some of the coalition of opposition leaders there have made it clear that no peace will be possible as long as Nkurunziza remains in power. He has no intention, it seems, of stepping down. What’s gonna give? And, first, is it just who blinks here? Or is there going to be pressure from the EAC and others that break the logjam?”

Linda Thomas-Greenfield responded with vague statements about dialogue and bringing both sides to the table, but without identifying any possible points of compromise. She also said that the East African Community is divided, that Tanzania has issues with Rwanda, not Burundi, and that Uganda’s President Museveni is busy with his own re-election campaign. Sen. Flake noted that President Museveni, the EAC’s designated mediator, lacked credibility as an advocate for presidential term limits, given that he himself has been in power for 30 years and is now seeking re-election.

Sen. Flake also asked about reports that the Rwandan government is conscripting Burundian refugees in Rwanda to create a new “rebel army” to fight in Burundi. Thomas-Greenfield responded that these reports are credible. “There’ve been reports that the Rwandan government is secretly recruiting an army of Burundian refugees, presumably for the purpose of conducting some kind of armed insurgency inside Burundi. There was a letter to the editor in the Washington Post in November, written by Jeff Drumtra, a former U.N. official who outlines this, what he saw there in those camps. If these reports are true, what is the State Department doing to press the Rwandan government from doing this?”

Linda Thomas-Greenfield responded, “Sir, we’ve seen these reports and we have had a number of conversations with the Rwandan government to encourage them to investigate the reports, and any efforts that are being made within refugee camps in the borders of Rwanda should be stopped. We’ve also had discussions with them to discourage any actions taken by the Rwandan government to support additional violence that might take place in the region.”

Sen. Flake then asked whether she herself put stock in these reports.

Thomas Greenfield responded, “I have seen reports coming from UNHCR. We work closely with UNHCR, and I trust that if they are reporting this, they have seen the basis for making these reports and allegations.”

The U.S. has imposed sanctions on two members of the Burundian government and two members of the Burundian insurgency, but has not imposed sanctions on Rwanda for violating Burundi’s national sovereignty. Rwanda continues to deny creating a Burundian “rebel army.” Rwanda also continues to deny creating “rebel armies,” most recently M23, to fight in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Sixte Vigny Nimuraba, a Burundian Ph.D. student at George Mason University, told the Senators that the conflict is between Burundi’s political classes in Bujumbura, not the rural majority, and noted the resource competition between East and West. “It is widely agreed that Burundian people need peace. People in the countryside do not care about presidents’ terms or nuances of constitutional law. What some people want is economic support, such as chemical fertilizers or seeds. Others want jobs and equal opportunities. The capital city is the place where the political classes live. That may be the reason why there is violence there now, and that has a lot to do with our own history.”

“Current government leaders see Western countries as denying the principles of democracy and sovereignty of Burundi,” he continued. “There is an underreported cold war competition between two major powers, China and Russia on one side and the West on the other. Unexploited mineral resources like nickel and uranium play a major role in that commercial conflict.”

Nimuraba also said that after 20 years of war, many Burundians suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder, and a national trauma healing program, including nonviolence training, is needed.


A video archive of the entire hearing and text copies of witness testimony can be found at The Political and Security Crisis in Burundi.
NGO Refugees International published this report confirming Rwanda’s forced conscription of Burundian refugees: ASYLUM BETRAYED: RECRUITMENT OF BURUNDIAN REFUGEES IN RWANDA.

Oakland writer Ann Garrison contributes to the San Francisco Bay View, Black Agenda Report, Black Star News, Counterpunch, Global Research, and her own website, Ann Garrison, and produces for AfrobeatRadio on WBAI-NYC, KPFA Evening News, KPFA Flashpoints and for her own YouTube Channel, AnnieGetYourGang. She can be reached at anniegarrison@gmail.com. In March 2014 she was awarded the Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza Democracy and Peace Prize for promoting peace in the Great Lakes Region of Africa through her reporting.

– See more at: http://www.blackstarnews.com/global-politics/africa/burundi-us-senate-subcommittee-hears-testimony.html#sthash.diHlGMUL.dpuf