DRC: African rivalries weaken U.N. hand against rebels in Congo

Publié le par veritas

DRC: African rivalries weaken U.N. hand against rebels in Congo
(Reuters) - Hundreds of Rwandan rebels in eastern Congo are defying a six month ultimatum to disarm, ratcheting up pressure on regional powers and U.N. peacekeepers to eliminate, once and for all, a force at the heart of two decades of conflict.
 
Midway to a deadline set by regional leaders, not one Hutu rebel had laid down his weapon and yet rivalries among African nations are undermining the prospect of U.N.-led military action against insurgents Rwanda has previously hunted down in Congo.
 
"If it was entirely up to us, we would be fulfilling our mandate to neutralize armed groups," Martin Kobler, head of the 23,000-strong U.N. mission in Congo, told Reuters, acknowledging the reticence of some political actors but voicing confidence military action would ensue if the Jan. 2 deadline was missed.
 
Rwandan Hutu FDLR fighters have made the hills and forests of mineral-rich eastern Congo their own during two decades of simmering conflict since they fled Rwanda after the 1994 genocide there by Hutu militia of Tutsis and moderate Hutus.
 
Some Congolese military commanders retain close ties to FDLR fighters from alliances forged during a 1998-2003 war, which pitted Congo against an invading Tutsi-led Rwandan force and drew half a dozen regional states into a proxy war.
 
African leaders gave the rebels six months in July to disarm and either be repatriated to Rwanda or transferred to a transit camp in Congo while they await resettlement in a third country.
 
On Monday they acknowledged no progress had been made and repeated a vague threat of military force if the deadline was missed. But some regional powers are keener on that than others.
 
"Everyone wants to go after the FDLR in a different fashion," said Timo Mueller, an independent researcher in eastern Congo. "It will be the FDLR who will benefit from this cacophony of actors."
 
POLITICAL FOOTBALL
 
Criticised for years for failing to impose peace in Congo, the U.N. mission has been buoyed by the success of a 3,000-strong Intervention Brigade, launched last year, with the mandate and firepower to take the fight to myriad rebel groups.
 
In November, with Kigali forced to end covert backing for the rebels, the brigade helped Congo defeat the Tutsi-led M23 rebel group that had seized swathes of territory in North Kivu.
 
Officials say there are only around 1,500 FDLR gunmen left after the U.N. peacekeeping mission demobilised over 12,000 in the past 12 years, but their integration in life in eastern Congo makes it hard to separate them from civilians.
 
Speaking to Reuters from a bush base in eastern Congo, Victor Byiringiro, the FDLR's interim leader, said his fighters would return to Rwanda only through direct talks with Rwanda and not as part of the U.N. backed repatriation program.
 
"To repatriate us to Rwanda is to destroy the FDLR."
 
Kigali, however, has flatly rejected talks with the rebels, saying the Hutus want to complete the slaughter of 1994.
 
Rwanda has repeatedly dispatched troops into its neighbor's east, ostensibly to hunt down Hutu rebels. Kigali has come under intense diplomatic pressure not to interfere in Congo since it was accused by U.N. experts of backing Congo's M23 rebels. As a result, it expects U.N. troops to do the job
.
"The FDLR is not a mystery, it's not a complicated armed group to deal with," Foreign Affairs Minister Louise Mushikiwabo told Reuters. "What has to be put forth, in a more visible manner, in a more serious manner, is the political will to get rid of this group."
 
Other African powers have been more cautious, calling for a political solution that could broach a range of thorny issues, including the fate of the more than 100,000 Rwandan refugees remaining in Congo, whom the FDLR claims to protect.
 
Tanzania and South Africa - the core of the beefed-up U.N. brigade - have frosty ties with Rwanda and voiced hesitation over a military solution to the FDLR.
 
Some Congolese officials also privately say conflict between the FDLR and Rwanda should be resolved through dialogue, amid memories of the alliance between the military and Hutu forces in eastern Congo.
 
Lambert Mende, a spokesman for the Congo's government, denied any wavering in commitment for an offensive.
 
Jason Stearns, a former U.N. investigator in Congo, said regional tensions were likely to muddy decision making.
 
"It's become a bit of a political football in the tense relations between South Africa, Tanzania and Rwanda," he said. "If the FDLR continues to be politicised, then that could also lead to military operations taking a back seat for the moment."
 
Kobler, the U.N. chief, said peacekeepers were obliged to obey U.N. orders and played down any impact of troop contributing governments having misgivings over robust anti-FDLR operations once the Jan 2 deadline expires.
 
His forces are, for now, committed to a new offensive against Ugandan ADF-NALU rebels accused by the U.N. and Congolese government of killing dozens of civilians in recent weeks.
 
Even if operations begin, past experience suggests it will be tricky. Joint Congolese, Rwandan and U.N. operations against the FDLR in 2009 were criticised by human rights groups for having a high humanitarian toll amid abuses by both sides.
 
Ida Sawyer, Human Rights Watch’s senior Congo researcher, said that could happen again.
 
"Some people are scared that more military operations will just bring about more attacks on civilians," she said.
 
reuters.com

Publié dans ANGLAIS

Commenter cet article

Kimoun 23/10/2014 21:22

Muhaguruke mwese : abahutu, abatutsi,abatwa b'abanyakuri dushyire hamwe tubohoze igihugu cyacu cyagizwe ingwate na Rukarabankaba vampire itungwa n'amaraso . Mwese mwiboneye ko uwarose ibiryo bihiye atakoreye ; afata imbunda ubundi agateranya abaturage bakamarana ; we yigaramiye mu ntebe ari kumiragura imisoro y'umutindi. Mushyire ubwenge ku gihe : turabirambiwe ! Turabirambiwe.Abo bashenzi nabo nibafate isuka bahinge nkatwe twese !

Twagirayezu 23/10/2014 16:29

Uretse kwirengagiza nta muntu n'umwe uzarwanya FDLR ngo ayishobore kuko mu Rwanda n'abambari babo bakeka ko FDLR ari bariya bari mu ishyamba rya Congo gusa. Kwaba ari ukwibeshya cyane kuko FDLR iri mumitima ya benshi, FDLR iri mu Rwanda, Canada, USA, Europe, Zambia ,Malawi, South Africa, Congo Brazzaville n'ahandi ntiriwe ndondora, kwirirwa rero umuntu ajya kumarira impunzi zo muri Congo ku icumu ngo arimo kurandura FDLR ni uguta igihe.Ubu ishaka rifite ingabo ni FDLR yonyine tujye tuvugisha ukuri. RNC nayo yarimo yisuganya ngo igire ingabo cga ifatanye na FDLR ariko urupfu rwa Karegeya rwarabashegeshe ari uko umugabo aguye siko ameneka ndizera ko barimo kongera kwisuganya bagashaka ingabo zafatanya na FDLR. FDLR ubu nubwo yitwa FDLR ariko umuntu wese urwanya Kigali ari muri FDLR cga RNC, FDU Inking, ibindi ni urwenya , d'ailleurs nta n'andi mashaka abaho uretse gukora udushirahamwe kubera inyungu runaka. Umuti w'ikibazo cy'abanyarwanda ufitwe na RNC, FDU Inkingi na FDLR, aya mashaka nabasha gukorana, nta kindi kizaba gisigaye uretse gucyura abanyarwanda kuko Kagame azarara yirutse. Ndabyemera Politique ni nziza kandi ni ingirakamaro muguhindura ibintu muri Africa, ariko muzarebe neza iyi Africa yacu ururimi rwumvikana neza ni imbunda, ariko na Politique iba iyiri inyuma. Imbunda yonyine ntacyo yamara, ariko na Politique yonyine ni uko ntacyo yamara muri Africa yacu( Grand lacs). Niyo mpamvu abazi kureba kure batakwishinga amagambo y'abanya politique yonyine atagira umuheto. Abantu bose batekereza nka Munyeshuri kandi bashigikiye ko opposition yagira ingabo bakwiye kwisuganya bagashaka abasore , inkumi , abasaza n'abakecuru bagashigikira FDLR cga se bagashinga indi mitwe ya gisirikari, ubundi mukareba ko Kagame atarara akwiye imishwaro. Ubu yakwiye imishwaro nta mbunda iravuga se none mubona ivuze byagenda bite? Mwicika intege rero kuko igihe ni iki cyo kwirukana Rukarabankaba Paul Kagame

GASANA 23/10/2014 15:13

kurwanya FDLR ntabwo ari ibintu byoroshye.Ikindi nuko CONGO itazemera kurwanya les FDLR.Uti kuki? ni FDLR yafatanije na TANZANIA na SOUTH AFRIKA kwirukana M23 hariya yari iryamye I CANZU. None se wibwira ko abo bose bayobewe UBUSHOBOZI BWA FDLR? Wibwira se ko FARDC yafashijwe na FDLR yajya kwica FDLR kubera iki? nyamara iki kibazo kiragoye. TANZANIA ,SOUTH na SADEC bose bifuza ko haba DIALOGUE ariko niba KAGAME dashaka ubwo nyine bazarwana.Ikibazo nuko bitazabahira.HANYUMA SE BIZAGENDA BITE FDLR imaze kubananira ?

Laetitia MUGENI (FRANCE) 23/10/2014 14:03

Ntawe uzatsinda les FDLR!!!mushaka musakuze ariko ntacyo muzageraho.Ubundi ba M23 bari hehe? ubu se ntibari mu RWANDA no muri UGANDA? kuki se batabishe bose? kubera ko ari aba KAGAME?

Kamenge 23/10/2014 15:23

Nunze mu ryawe Laetitia . Nibanyanyagire hose ; naho ibyo byo kubatunda babajyana muri za camps de concetration ntawe uzabyemera . Mukomere aho muri hose turi kumwe . Sindikubwabo

Agnes(FRANCE) 23/10/2014 14:01

ariko FDLR bayishakaho iki? FDLR yasabye DIALOGUE barayanga ngo bashaka ko ishyira intwaro hasi ikagenda ijya mu Rwanda kwicwa no kujugunywa muri LAC RWERU? Ibi se mubona bishoboka kweli? ngo mushaka kurwana harya? FDLR ishaka amahoro:DIALOGUE & NEGOTIATIONS .Niba byanze muzajye kurwana maze turebe.Icyonzi nuko BASAZA BANJYE BO MURI FDLR bazabafata ku minigo

canada 23/10/2014 12:57

Ibyo bakoreye abanyakanada ntabwo mubibona nimukomeze,agateretswe n'imana....

FDLR 23/10/2014 12:00

ngo mushaka kwica FDLR harya? muribeshya cyane rwose. Ngaho se nimuze turabategereje mureke izo za ULTIMATUMA za buli kanya. MUZE MURWANE NA FDLR turebe. Icyo tuzi cyo nuko FDLR nta kibazo izagira.GUTERA UBWOBA GUSA NTACYO BIVUZE.BURYA SIBUNO.

humura 23/10/2014 11:38

God will help FDLR and USA and UN fuck off